AP Human Geography Chapter 2 Vocab

25 terms by oboefreak0952 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Population

Agricultural Density

The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.

Agricultural Revolution

The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering.

Arithmetic Density

The total number of people divided by the total land area.

Census

A complete enumeration of a population.

Crude Birth Rate (CBR)

The total number of live births in a year for every 1000 people alive in the society.

Crude Death Rate (CDR)

The total number of deaths in a year for every 1000 people alive in the society.

Demographic Transition

The process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.

Demography

The scientific study of population characteristics.

Dependency Ration

The number of people under the age of 15 and over the age 64, compared to the number of people active in the labor force.

Doubling Time

The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.

Epidemiologic Transition

Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.

Epidemiology

Branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that affect large numbers of people.

Ecumene

The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.

Industrial Revolution

A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)

The total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year old for every 1000 live births in a society.

Life Expectancy

The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live.

Medical Revolution

Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives.

Natural Increase Rate (NIR)

The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.

Overpopulation

The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.

Pandemic

Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.

Physiological Density

The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.

Population Pyramid

A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.

Sex Ratio

The number of males per 100 females in a population

Total Fertility Rate (TFR)

The aver number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.

Zero Population Growth (ZPG)

A decline in the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set