Intro to Communications-Final-Dean Weidert

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Wi-Fi

wireless fidelity

mass media industries

books, newspapers, magazines, recordings, radio, movies, television, internet

subscription television

A new term used to describe consumer services delivered by cable and satellite television.

concentration of ownership

The current trend of large companies buying smaller companies so that fewer companies own more types of media businesses.

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

affiliates

Stations that use network programming but are owned by companies other than the networks

conglomerates

Companies that own media companies as well as businesses that are unrelated to the media business.

vertical integration

An attempt by one company to simultaneously control several related aspects of the media business

convergence

the melding of the communications, computer and electronics industries; the economic alignment of the various media companies with each other to take advantage of technological advancements

deregulation

government action that reduces and/or ends government control of an industry

message pluralism

the availability to an audience of a variety of information and entertainment sources

pictograph

a picture of an object that is used to convey an idea

phonetic writing

use os symbols to represent sounds

interactive

a message system that allows senders and receivers to communicate simultaneously

digital communication

data in a form that can be transmitted and received automatically

ISP

Internet Service Provider

bundles

A collection of programs and/or media services offered together for a set free.

selective perception

concept that each person processes messages differently

Benjamin Franklin

first circulation library in America

Common Sense

Thomas Paine

Pamela

first novel published in U.S.

dime novels

America's earliest paperbacks

Mark Twain

sold novels door-to-door

International Copyright Law of 1891

all authors-- American and foreign had to give permission to publish their works

Robert de Graff

America's first series of paperback bestsellers, Pocket Books

New American Library (NAL)

first mass market publisher willing to issue serious books by African American writers

18 months

time it takes to get a book published

royalty

amount the publisher pays an author, based on an established percentage of the book's price; royalties run anywhere from 6 to 15%

advance

amount the publisher pays the author before the book is published

subsidiary rights

rights to market a book for other users to a make a movie or a to print a character from the book on a t-shirt for example

trade books

can be hard or softcover and include not only fiction and most nonfiction but also cookbooks, biographies, art books, coffee-table books, and how-to books

mass market books

Books distributed through "mass" channels- newsstands, chain stores, drugstores, and supermarkets.

blockbuster books

a book that achieves enormous financial success

Publick Occurrences

America's first newspaper

Boston News-Letter

nation's first consecutively issued newsletter

James Franklin

New England Curant, first American newspaper to appear without the crown's "Published by Authority" sanction; began the tradition of an independent press in the U.S.

Benjamin Franklin

proved that a printer could make money without government sanctions or support

seditious language

Language that authorities believe could incite rebellion against the government

libelous

false statement that damages a person by questioning that person's character or reputation

Peter Zenger trial

if it is true, it is not libelous

Stamp Act

taxed publishers a halfpenny for each issue that was a half-sheet or smaller and one penny for a full sheet

alternative, or dissident press

Media that present alternative viewpoints that challenge the mainstream press.

Frederick Douglass

North Star, most important African-American pre-civil war newspaper

William Lloyd Garrison

The Liberator, a weekly abolitionist paper in Boston

Benjamin Day

New York Sun, published news and feature stories for the working class; was able to lower price to a penny by filling paper with advertising and hiring newsboys

New York Sun

first successful penny paper

Penny paper or penny press

A newspaper drops the price of each copy down to a penny and supports the production cost through advertising.

Joseph Pulitzer

published the first newspaper comics; New York Daily News

Randolph Hearst

New York Journal; printed color comics

Yellow Journalism

news that emphasizes crime, sex and violence

tabloid

a small-format newspaper that features large photo graphs and illustrations along with sensational stories

syndicates

news agencies that sell articles for publication to a number of newspapers simultaneously

Saturday Evening Post

reached a wide readership with their general interest content

Godey's Lady Book

first publisher to capitalize on a female audience; Sarah Josepha Hale gave advice to women in it

Postal Act of 1879

Granted second class mailing rates to magazines, giving them low cost distribution through the mail system

muckrakers

investigative magazine journalists who targeted abuses by government and big businesses

Henry Luce

Time magazine

consumer magazines

all magazines sold by subscription or at newsstands, supermarkets and bookstores such as Glamour or Time

trade, technical and professional magazines

magazines dedicated to a particular business or profession

company magazines

Magazines that are produced by businesses for their employees, customers, and stockholders whose main purpose is to promote the company

ABC

Audit Bureau of Circulations, an area of print media market research; verifies and publishes circulation figures for magazines

point-of-purchase magazines

magazines that consumers buy directly, not by subscription

pass-along readership

people who share a magazine with the original recipient

Thomas Edison

phonograph; today's recording industry would not exist without this invention

Peter Goldmark

Long-playing record, could play for 23 minutes

Sarnoff

introduced 45 rpm long-playing records

ASCAP

American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers; first licensing organization

BMI

Broadcast Music Inc.

RIAA

Recording Industry Association of America; urged its members to either provide a warning label or to print lyrics on albums that have potentially offensive content

MGM Studios vs. Grokster

the court said the makers of Grokster, which allowed Internet users to browse freely and copy songs from each other, could be sued for their role in helping people violate recording industry copyright protections

Samuel Morse

What hath God wrought?

Alexander Graham Bell

Mr. Watson, come here. I want you.

Lee de Forest

called himself the father of radio because he perfected a glass bulb called the Audion

Frank Conrad

nation's first commercial radio station

ASCAP

American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers

blanket licensing agreement

An arrangement whereby radio stations become authorized to use recorded music for broadcast by paying a fee

Radio Act of 1927

formed the Radio Commission under the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce

FCC

Federal Communications Commission; regulate the expanding wireless medium

H.G. Wells

War of the Worlds

network

a collection of stations (radio or television) that offers programs, usually simultaneously throughout the country, during designated times

Edwin H. Armstrong

broadcast using his new technique, frequency modulation (FM)

BMI

Broadcast Music Inc., a cooperative music listening organization

drive-time-audiences

people who listen to the radio in their cars during 6 to 9 am and 4 to 7 pm

payola

The practice of accepting payment to play specific recordings on the air

cross-ownership

The practice of one company owning radio and TV stations in the same broadcast market

Telecommunications Act of 1996

first major overhaul broadcast communication

narrowcasting

segmenting the radio audience

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