Vocabulary

Created by stingray88 

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Suspension

Fine undissolved solid particles of a drug suspended with a liquid

Emulsion

A mixture of two liquids not mutually soluble

Solution

A liquid drug containing a dissolved substance

Tincture

A solution that contains an alcohol and water base, used topically

Elixir

A sweetened, aromatic solution with an alcohol and water base

Syrup

A concentrated solution of sugar water and flavoring with no alcohol

Liquid Sprays

A solution of a drug administered as an aerosol or spray

Foam

A mixture of finely divided gas bubbles interspersed in a liquid

Drugs

Any chemical substance taken into the body for the purpose of affecting the body's function

DNA

A distinctive pattern of bands which aid in the identification of the origin of tissues and body fluids

Carcinogen

Any substance or agent that produces or increases the risk of developing cancer in humans and animals

Systemic

The ability to be absorbed throughout the body

Local

The effect is limited to the area of the body where it is administered

Oral

Administered through the mouth into the gastrointestinal tract

Buccal

Placed between the cheek and the gums

Sublingual

Placed under the tounge

Topical

Applied directly to the skin

Rectal

Administered via the rectum

Vaginal

Used for the application of creams and suppositories

Transdermal

Applied directly to the skin via a porous membrane

Inhalation

Inhaling a drug in the form of a gas or liquid

Subcutaneous

Injection of medication into the fatty layer of tissue

Intramuscular

Injection of medication directly into the muscle

Intravenous

Injection of medication directly into the vein

Intra-articular

Injection of medication directly into the joint

Intracardiac

Injection of medication of medication directly into the heart

Intrathecal

Injection of medication directly into the subarachnoid space.

Adrenergic

Stimulates Berber fibers to release epinephrine

Adrenergic blocker

Blocks the secretion of epinephrine

Analgesic

Suppresses pain without producing sedation

Anesthesia

Loss of feeling and pain

Antibiotic

Destroys bacteria and other pathogenic microorganisms

Anticholinergic

Dries up secretions

Anticogulant

Prevents the formation of blood clots

Anticonvulsant

Reduced the number of seizures in a patient who has epilepsy

Antiemetic

Prevents nausea and vomiting

Antihistamine

Blocks the effect of histamine in an allergic reaction

Anti-inflammatory

Decreases inflammation of the muscular system

Antineoplastic

Prevents the growth of malignant cancerous cells

Cardiovascular agent

Acts on the heart and the blood vessels

Coagulant

Accelerates and promotes blood clotting in the body

Diuretic

Increase urine output

Fibrinolytic

Used to break down the fibrin in a blood clot

Hemostatic

Will enhance clot formation and reduce bleeding

Histamine blocker

Reduces the amount of gastric acid in the stomach

Hormone

Substance originating in an organ or gland used to stimulate and organ

Hypnotic

Induced sleep and insensibility to pain

Muscle Relaxant

To relieve spasms and stiffness of the muscles

Narcotic

Relives severe pain and gives a feeling of euphoria

Oxytocic

Stimulates uterine contractions

Sedative

Produces a soothing or tranquilizing effect

Tranquilizer

Used to treat anxiety, or mental tension

Vasoconstrictor

Used to constrict blood vessels

Vasodiliator

Used to dilate blood vessels

Pathogenic

Capable of producing a disease or infection

Histamine

Causes dilation of blood vessels, tissues swelling and itching

Fibrin

Protein produced by thrombin and fibrinogen

Thrombosis

The presence of a blood clot in the vascular system

Antimicrobial

Agent that destroys or prevents the development of microorganisms

Prophyleaxis

To guard against a disease

Aerobic

An organism hat can only live in the presence of oxygen

Gram negative

A method of identifying a microorganism where the stain is pink

Gram positive

A method of identifying a microorganism where the stain is violet

Antagonist

A substance that counteracts the action of something else

Anesthetic agent

Used locally or topically to produce the absence of sensation

antibiotics

Used to prevent to treat infections

Irrigants

Used to moisten tissue and rinse intraocular lenses

Miotics

Drug used to constrict the pupil

Mydriatics

Drugs used to dilate the pupil

Hypokalemia

Low concentration of potassium in the blood

Synthetic

Drugs that artificially prepared or made

Radiopaque

Impenetrable to x-rays.

Methylene blue

Used for marking the skin and to determine fallopian tube potency

Idigo carmine

Administered intravenously to color urine for evidence of kidney infection

Gentian violet

Used to mark skin incisions, should never be injected

Lugol's solution

Used to stain cervical tissue

Acetic acid

Used to identify areas of cervical dysplasia

Aminophyllin

Used to treat acute and chronic bronchial asthma

Atropine

Used to treat bradycardia

Calcium Chloride

Electrolyte replacement to increase the myocardial contractions

Dantrolene

Muscle relaxant for the treatment of malignant hyperthermia

Digoxin

Used to treat congestive heart failure

Benadryl

Used to treat anaphylactic reactions and asthmatic attacks

Adrenaline

Used to treat anaphylactic reactions and asthmatic attacks

Xylocaine

Used as a local anesthetic agent

Levophed

Used to restore blood pressure

Papaverine

Used to dilate small blood vessels

Potassium

Can cause cardiac irritability if it is not present in the blood

Sodium bicarbonate

Used to treat metabolic acidosis

Varapamil

Used to treat arrhythmias and angima

Spasmolytic

Stops or prevents spasms

Analeptic

Stimulates the central nervous system

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