Chapter 9 Nominations & Campaigns Test

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Study Guide for test.

1. A nomination refers to

a party's official selection of a candidate to run for office.

2. The way in which candidates attempt to manipulate money, the media, and momentum to
achieve the nomination is through

campaign strategy.

4. The specific goal of the presidential nomination game is to

win the majority of delegate votes in order to win the party nomination.

6. In states with caucuses,

supporters of candidates try to get elected as delegates through a pyramid of meetings.

9. Today, a majority of the delegates to the national convention are selected throughings.

presidential primaries.

10. The McGovern-Fraser Commission was set up to reform

the rules for selecting delegates to the Democratic National Convention

12. The work of the McGovern-Fraser Commission appointed during the turbulent Chicago Convention of 1968 was a reflection of concern over

elite control of the party.

Superdelegates

have helped restore an element of peer review to the process of choosing a presidential candidate.

14. For a candidate, the most important and desirable result of the early nomination contests isy

doing better than expected, thus winning an image as the party's frontrunner and holder
of momentum.

15. The New Hampshire primary is important because

it is the first primary.

17. Critics of primaries and caucuses contend that the presidential kingmakers are now

the media.

18. Critics of a national primary argue that

no candidate would receive a majority, thus a run-off election would be needed.

19. The final major event of each party's national convention, during the last hour or so on the
fourth and final night, is the

acceptance speech by the presidential candidate.

20. Providing select information and a request for money to lists of people who have supported
candidates of similar views in the past is a frequently used political technique known as

direct mail.

21. Most political coverage by the media during a presidential campaign

deals with the campaign game: who's ahead in the polls, what candidate X's new
strategy will be, and speculationly be_o

22. The Federal Election Campaign Act

required all candidates for federal office to disclose all contributions made to their
campaigns.

23. Which of the following did the Federal Election Campaign Act NOT do?

provide public financing of House and Senate races

24. The administration of the campaign finance laws and the enforcement of compliance with
their requirements is handled by the

Federal Election Commissionsion.

26. Soft money is

money donated to parties rather than candidates, thus not subject to contribution or spending limits.

25. In Buckley v. Valeo (1976), the Supreme Court

struck down the part of the Federal Election Campaign Act that restricted the amount
individuals could contribute to their own campaign.

28. Defenders of PACs point out that they

tend to support those who agree with them in the first place.

5. One of the more meaningful functions of a party convention today is to

orchestrate a massive send-off for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates.

7. The presidential primaries are

elections in which voters in a state vote for a candidate, or delegates pledged to the candidate

13. Frontloading refers to

The recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention.

29. The notion that canididates need to raise money to complete but that is not always necessary to outspend an opponent is called the

doctrine of sufficiency

30. Research on political campaigns suggests that they

reinforce preferences and
activte voters

27. Which of the following is an example of a 527 group?

MoveOn.org

8. Following the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968, the party chose to

open up its process of choosing delegates to the national convention in order to respond
to demands for greater inclusion from women, minorities, youth, and other groups.

3. Which of the following statements is FALSE?

Campains in the U.S. are more than twice as long as they are in mot other industrilied countries

11. The addition of superdelegates to the Democratic national conventions was spearheaded by

those who felt the McGovern-Fraser Commission had opened up the delegate selection process too much.

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