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psychiatry

phenothiazines

antipsychotic tranquilizers

anorexia nervosa

eating disorder marked by excessive dieting

cyclothymic disorder

pertaining to exhibiting cycles of depression and exhilaration

schizophrenia

a psychosis involving delusions, hallucinations, bizarre and illogical thinking

psychosomatic

pertaining to the interrelationship of mind and body

xenophobia

fear of strangers

hypochondriasis

exaggerated concern with one's health

acrophobia

fear of heights

affect

the emotional reaction of a patient

dementia

loss of higher mental functioning

delirium

confusion in thinking; faulty perceptions and irrational behavior

delusion

a fulase belief or idea that connot be changed by logical reasoning

labile

unstable; undergoing rapid emotional change

sadism

pleasure received from inflicting pain on others

mutism

pervasive lack of responsivenes to other people; stupor

mania

state of excessive excitability and agitation

amnesia

loss of memory

conversion

a defense mechanism in which anxiety is converted into a bodily symptom

depression

major mood disorder with chronic sadness, loss of energy, hopelessness, worry, discouragement

defense mechanism

unconscious technique (coping mechanism) that a person uses to resolve or conceal conflict and anxiety

dissociative disorder

chronic or sudden disturbance of memory, identity, or consciousness; multiple-personality disorder is an example

ego

central coordinating branch of the personality or mind

delusion

false sensory perception (hearing "voices" and seeing "things")

dementia

loss of intellectual abilities with impairment of memory, judgment and reasoning

gender identity disorder

strong and persistent cross-gender indentification with the opposite sex

fugue

flight from customary surroundings

anorexia nervosa

eating disorder of excessive dieting and refusal to maintain a normal body weight

delirium

confusion in thinking; faulty perceptions and irrational behavior

bulimia

binge eating followed by vomiting and depression

affect

external emotion or emotional response of a person

hallucination

false sensory perception

narcissistic

pertaining to grandiose sense of self-importance or uniqueness and peroccupation with fantasies of success or power (a personality type)

compulsion

uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly

lithium

substance used to treat the manic stage of manic-depressive illness

manic

extreme excitement, hyperactivity, inflated self-esteem

pedophilia

suexual urges and fantasies involving

id

major unconscious part of the personality (unconcious instincts and psychic energy present from birth.

fetishism

use of nonliving objects as substitutes for a human love object

mania

good feeling; "high"

amnesia

loss of memory

obsession

an involuntary, persistent idea, emotion, or urge

schizoid

personality that is aloof and emotionally cold

pyromania

strong impulse (obsessive) to set objects on fire

dysphoria

sadness, hopelessness, and depressive mood; feeling "low"

anxiolytic

drug that relieves anxiety and produces a relaxing effect

xenophobia

fear of strangers

psychiatry

branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness.

psychiatrists

complete the same medical training as for other physicians and receive an MD degree

psychotherapy

psychological techniques for treating mental disorders

psychoanalysts

complete 3 to 5 years of training in a special psychotherapeutic technique called psychoanalysis

psychoanalysis

patient freely relates her or his thoughts and associations to the analyst, who does not interfere with the process. interpretations are offered at appropriate times.

psychologists

nonmedical professional who is trained in methods of psychotherapy, analysis and research and completes a doctor of philosophy or doctor of educations degree program in a specific field of interest

apathy

absence of emotions; lack of interest, emotional involvement, or motivation

anxiety

varying degrees of uneasiness, apprehension, or dread often accompanied by palpitations, tightness in the chest, breathlessness, and choking sensations

euphoria

exaggerated feeling of well-being ("high")

mutism

little speech

superego

the internalized conscience and moral part of the personality

psychosis

word frequently used to describe mental illness

panic disorder

defined period of intense fear or discomfort in which symptoms develop abruptly and reach a peak within 10 minutes

post traumatic stress disorder

development of symptoms following exposure to a traumatic event.

Delirium tremens (DT's)

brought on by stopping alcohol consumption suddenly after prolonged periods of heavy alcohol ingestion

the difference between bulimia and anorexia nervosa

anorexia is refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight by not eating. bulimia is binge eating followed by purging.

depressive disorder

theoccurrence of one or more major depressive episodes without a history of mania or hypomania

major depression

episodes of severe dysphoria (sadness, worry, hopelessness, discouragement).

antisocial

no loyalty to or concern for others. acts only in response o desires and impluses without moral standards. cannot tolerate frustration and blames others when he or she is at faut

borderline

instability in interpersonal relationships and sense of self. characterized by alternating involvement with and rejection of people. franticefforts are made to avoid real or imagined abandonment.

histrionic

emotional, attention-seeking, immature, and dependent; irrational outbursts and tantrums; glamboyant and theatrical; having general dissatisfaction with the self and angry feelings about the world.

schizoid

emotionally cold and aloof

Asperger syndrome

less severe type of autism

autism

occurs commonly during the first 3 years of life. marked by difficulties in verbal and nonverbal communication and in social and play interactions

flat affect

monotonous voice, immobile face and no signs of expression

exhibitionism

compulisve need to expose one's body, particularly the genitals to strangers

transvestic fetishism

cross-dressing; wearing clothing of the opposite sex. disorder has been described only in heterosexual males, who have intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges or behaviors involving cross-dressing

voyeurism

sexual excitement by observing unsuspected people who are naked, undressing or engaging in sexual activitiy.

electroconvulsive therapy

(ECT) electrical shock while patient is anesthetized. short term memory may never come back, but long term memory stays.

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