MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Created by sunshine42763 

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GREEK AND LATIN

TERMS BUILT FROM GREEK AND LATIN WORD PARTS. SUCH AS ARTHRITIS

EPONYMS

TERMS DERIVED FROM THE NAME OF A PERSON, OFTEN A PHYSICIAN OR SCIENTIST WHO WAS THE FIRST TO IDENTIFY A CONDITION OR TECHNIQUE SUCH AS ALZHEIMER DISEASE

ACRONYMS

TERMS FORMED FROM THE FIRST LETTERS OF THE WORDS IN A PHRASE THAT CAN BE SPOKEN AS A WHOLE WORD AND USUALLY CONTAIN A VOWEL, SUCH AS LASER(LIGHT AMPLIFICATION BY STIMULATED EMISSION OF RADIATION)

MODERN LANGUAGE

TERMS DERIVED FROM THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE SUCH AS NUCLEAR MEDICINE SCANNER

FOUR WORD PARTS

ROOT, PREFIX, SUFFIX, COMBINING FORM(COMBINING VOWEL)

SCOPY

MEANING VISUAL EXAMINATION(SUFFIX)

ITIS

MEANING INFLAMMATION(SUFFIX)

OMA

MEANING TUMOR(SUFFIX)

BI

MEANING TWO(PREFIX)

SUB

MEANING UNDER(PREFIX)

INTRA

MEANING WITHIN(PREFIX)

BRADY

MEANING SLOW(PREFIX)

A

MEANING WITHOUT(PREFIX)

COMBINING VOWEL

A WORD PART, USUALLY AN O, USED TO EASE PRONUNCIATION

GUIDELINES FOR USING COMBINING VOWELS

1. WHEN CONNECTING A ROOT AND A SUFFIX, CV IS USED IF THE SUFFIX DOES NOT BEGIN WITH A VOWEL. 2. WHEN CONNECTING A ROOT AND SUFFIX, CV IS USUALLY NOT USED IF THE SUFFIX BEGINS WITH A VOWEL.
3. WHEN CONNECTING TWO ROOTS A CV IS USUALLY USED EVEN IF VOWELS ARE PRESENT AT THE JUNCTION.
4. WHEN CONNECTING A PREFIX AND A ROOT A CV IS NOT USED

CATEGORIES OF MEDICAL TERMS

1. TERMS BUILT FROM WORD PART(CAN BE TRANSLATED LITERALLY TO FIND THEIR MEANING)
2. TERMS NOT BUILT FROM WORD PARTS(CANNOT BE TRANSLATED LITERALLY TO FIND THEIR MEANING)

WORD ROOT

CORE OF A WORD

SUFFIX

ATTACHED AT THE END OF A WORD ROOT TO MODIFY ITS MEANING

PREFIX

ATTACHED AT THE BEGINNING OF A WORD TO MODIFY ITS MEANING

COMBINING VOWEL

USUALLY AN O USED BETWEEN TWO WORD ROOTS OR A WORD ROOT AND SUFFIX TO EASE PRONUNCIATION

COMBINING FORM

WORD ROOT PLUS COMBINING VOWEL SEPERATED BY A VERTICAL SLASH: IE: HEPAT/O

ANALYZING

DIVIDING MEDICAL TERMS INTO WORD PARTS, THEN LABELING EACH WORD PART AND COMBINING FORM

DEFINING

APPLYING THE MEANING OF EACH WORD PART CONTAINED IN THE MEDICAL TERM TO DERIVE ITS MEANING

BUILDING

PLACING WORD PARTS TOGETHER TO FROM WORDS

TOMY

MEANING INCISION

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