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8th grade history review part 1

Enlightenment

Two philosophers from the ____ greatly influenced our form of government.

natural rights

John Locke believed in ______ _____ including life, liberty and property.

separation of powers

Montesquieu believed in __ __ __such as our three branches of government.

Great Awakening

The ___ ___ was a religious movement that spread through the colonies.

political equality

During the Great Awakening colonists began asking for more ___ ___, independence and democracy.

democracy

America borrowed the idea of ____ from Greece.

republican

America borrowed the idea of a _______ form of government from Rome

Magna Carta

To limit the king's power, the English nobles required King John to sign the _____ _____.

monarchs or kings

The Magna Carta states that ________ have to obey the laws too.

English Bill of Rights

The ____ __ ___ _____ was created to limit the power of the monarch and led to the idea of sharing power between the King and the English Parliament.

Religious

Thomas Jefferson's Virginia's Statue for _______ Freedom

taxes

Virginia's Statue for Religious Freedom said that people should not be forced to follow a particular religion, contribute ____ to a particular religion or be punished for a particular religious belief.

Common Sense

Thomas Paine's political pamphlet ____ ____ convinced many colonists to join the fight for independence from England.

representation

No taxation without ____ was a colonial response to the taxes being forced on them to pay off Britains' war debt.

Mayflower Compact

The ____ ____ was an early attempt at self-government by the colonists.

social contract

An agreement by the people to set up a government and obey its laws is called a ___ ____.

popular sovereignty

_____ _____ is the idea that political power belongs to the people and government will follow the desires of the people

Navigation Acts

The ___ ___ were passed by the English Parliament in support of mercantilism, which is a system of creating and maintaining wealth through controlled trade.

Stamp Act

The ___ ___ was the first attempt by the Parliament to directly tax the colonists and led to protests including the Boston Massacre.

weak

After dealing with Britain, American colonists wanted a _____ central government.

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