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approbation

(n) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval

assuage

(v) to make easier or milder, relieve

coalition

(n) a combination, union

decadence

(n) decline, decay; excessive self-indulgence

elicit

(v) to draw forth

expostulate

(v) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning

hackneyed

(adj) to lack freshness or originality

hiatus

(n) a gab, opening, break

innuendo

(n) a hint, indirect suggestion

intercede

(v) to plead on behalf of someone else

jaded

(adj) wearied, worn out

lurid

(adj) causing shock, horror; pale or shallow in color

meritorious

(adj) worthy, deserving recognition and praise

petulant

(adj) peevish, easily irritated and upset

prerogative

(n) special right or privilege

provincial

(adj) narrow in mind or outlook

simulate

(v) imitate

transcend

(v) to rise above or beyond, exceed

umbrage

(n) foliage giving shade; overshadowing influence or power

unctuous

(adj) excessively smooth or smug; pilable

ameliorate

(v) to improve, make better

aplomb

(n) poise, assurance, great self-confidence,

bombastic

(adj) pompous or overblown in language

callow

(adj) without experience; immature

drivel

(n) balderdash

epitome

(n) a summary

exhort

(v) to urge strongly

ex officio

(adj/adv) by virtue of holding a certain office

infringe

(v) to violate, trespass

ingratiate

(v) to make oneself agreeable

interloper

(n) one who moves in where he/she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder

intrinsic

(adj) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part

inveigh

(v) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval

lassitude

(n) weariness of body of mind, lack of energy

millennium

(n) a period of one thousand years

occult

(adj) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view

permeate

(v) to spread through, penetrate

precipitate

(v) provoke, produce; reckless

stringent

(adj) strict, severe

surmise

(v) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence

abominate

(v) to have an intense dislike or hatred for

acculturation

(n) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contract with those of another; adaptation

adventitious

(adj) resulting from change rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential

ascribe

(v) to assign or refer to, attribute

circuitous

(adj) roundabout, not direct

commiserate

(v) to sympathize with

enjoin

(v) to direct or order

expedite

(v) to make easy, cause to progress faster

expiate

(v) to make amends, make up for

ferment

(n) state of great excitement, agitation

inadvertent

(adj) resulting form or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental

nominal

(adj) existing in name only, not real

noncommittal

(adj) not decisive or definite

peculate

(v) to steal something that has been given into ones trust

proclivity

(n) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency

sangfroid

(n) a composure of coolness

seditious

(adj) resistant to lawful authority

tenuous

(adj) thin, slender, not dense

vitriolic

(adj) bitter, sarcastic

wheedle

(v) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end

affable

(adj) courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to

aggrandize

(v) to increase in greatness; enhance

amorphous

(adj) shapeless, without definite form

aura

(n) that which surrounds; a distinctive air or personal quality; ambience, atmosphere

contraband

(n) illegal traffic, smuggled goods

erudite

(adj) scholarly, learned

gossamer

(adj) thin, light, delicate

infer

(v) to find out by reasoning; deduce

inscrutable

(adj) incapable of being understood

insular

(adj) narrow minded

irrevocable

(adj) incapable of being changed or called back

propensity

(n) natural inclination or predilection toward; natural bent

querulous

(adj) peevish, complaining, fretful

remonstrate

(v) to argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object to

repudiate

(v) to disown, reject

resilient

(adj) able to return to an original shape or form; elastic

reverberate

(v) to re-echo; rumble, thunder

scurrilous

(adj) foul-mouthed

sedulous

(adj) persistent, tireless

sleazy

(adj) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; inferior

amnesty

(n) a general pardon for an offense against a government in general

autonomy

(n) self-government

axiomatic

(adj) self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule; taken for granted

blazon

(v) to adorn or embellish; broadcast

caveat

(n) a warning or caution ro prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior; admonition

equitable

(adj) fair, just, right

extricate

(v) to free from entanglements or difficulties; extract

filch

(v) to steal, swipe

flout

(v) to mock, scorn

fractious

(adj) troublesome, peevish

precept

(n) a rule of conduct or action, principle

salutary

(adj) beneficial, helpful; healthy, wholesome

scathing

(adj) bitterly severe, withering; harsh

scourge

(v) to whip, punish severely; beat

sepulchral

(adj) funereal, typical of the tomb

soporific

(adj) tending to cause sleep; narcotic

straitlaced

(adj) extremely strict in regard to moral standars and conduct; overly strict

transient

(adj) lasting only a short time, fleeting

unwieldy

(adj) not easily carried, handled; clumsy

vapid

(adj) dull, uninteresting; lifeless, colorless

anomalous

(adj) abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual

aspersion

(n) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming

bizarre

(adj) extremely strange, unusual, atypical

brusque

(adj) abrupt, blunt with no formalities

cajole

(v) to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises

castigate

(v) to punish severely; to criticize severely

contrive

(v) to plan with ingenuity, invent; to bring about as the result of scheme or plan

demagogue

(n) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power.

disabuse

(v) to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking

ennui

(n) weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest; boredom

fetter

(n) a chain or shackle placed on the feet
(v) to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent

heinous

(adj) very wicked, offensive, hateful

immutable

(adj) not subject to change, constant

insurgent

(n) one who rebels or rises against authority
(adj) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on

megalomania

(n) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent; far in excess of reality

sinecure

(n) a position requiring little or no work; an easy job

surreptitious

(adj) stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud

transgress

(v) to go beyond limit or boundary; to sin, to violate a law

transmute

(v) to change from one nature, substance, or form to another

vicarious

(adj) performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another

austere

(adj) severe or stern in manner; without adornment or luxury, simple, plain; harsh or sour in flavor

beneficent

(adj) performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits, doing good

cadaverous

(adj) pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse

concoct

(v) to prepare by combining ingredients, make up, to devise, invent, fabricate

crass

(adj) coarse, unfeeling; stupid

debase

(v) to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate; to cause to deteriorate

desecrate

(v) to commit sacrilege upon, treat irreverently; to contaminate, pollute

disconcert

(v) to confuse; to disturb the composure of

grandiose

(adj) grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated

inconsequential

(adj) trifling, unimportant

infraction

(n) a breaking of a law or obligation

mitigate

(v) to make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity

pillage

(v) to rob of goods by open force, plunder
(n) the act of looting; booty

prate

(v) to talk a great deal in a foolish or aimless fashion

punctilious

(adj) very careful and exact, attentive to fine points of etiquette or propriety

redoubtable

(adj) inspiring fear or awe; illustrious, eminent

reprove

(v) to find fault with, scold, rebuke

restitution

(n) the act of restoring someone or something to the rightful owner or to a former state or position; making good on a loss or damage

stalwart

(adj) strong and sturdy; brave; resolute (n) a brave, strong person; a strong supporter; one who takes an uncompromising position

vulnerable

(adj) open to attack; capable of being wounded or damaged; unprotected

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