Sociology 100A - Sexuality

24 terms by glongman 

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Soci final

Incest Taboo

a rule that prohibits sexual relations among certain categories of kin, such as brothers or sisters, parents and children, or, in some cases, cousins.

Sex

biological distinction between females and males

Gender

personal traits and patterns of behaviour that culture attaches to being female or male

Primary Sex Characteristics

the genitalia used in the reproductive process

Secondary Sex Characteristics

nonreproductive sexual characteristics, such as female breasts and hips, male voice quality, and body hair

Sexual binary

the classification of sex and gender into two distinct and disconnected forms of masculine and feminine

Intersexed people

people that exhibit both male and female genitalia.

Transsexual people

People who feel they are one sex even though biologically they are the other.

Extramarital sex

more accepted today than it was a decade ago; affairs that are often out of loneliness

Dominant sexual scripts

cultural knowledge describing and shaping how we are in sexuality
-ex: men should ask women out, contraception

Alfred Kinsey

First scientist to study the act of script; created openness about sexuality that paved the way for the sexual revolution

Sexual revolution

occurred in the 1960's; sex became prominent part of unmarried life, the pill was invented, free attitudes towards sexuality

Sexual counterrevolution

conservative return back to family values and change from sexual freedom back to sexual responsibility with growing concerns about STDs.

Heterosexuality

a sexual attraction to (or sexual relations with) persons of the opposite sex

Homosexuality

a sexual attraction to (or sexual relations with) persons of the same sex

Bisexuality

sexual attraction to both sexes

Asexuality

a lack of sexual attraction to people of either sex

Sexual orientation

debated to be either a product of society of a product of biology; combination of both, but rooted in biology

Continuum of sexuality

the ever-changing range of sexuality

Homophobia

the fear of close personal interaction with people considered gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

Sexual assault

non-consensual sexual activity against a person's will; an expression of power

Date rape

forcible sexual violence against women by men they know.

Queer theory

a growing body of research findings that challenges the heterosexual bias in North American society

Heterosexism

discrimination in favor of heterosexual and against homosexual people

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