Chronological Order of Religions
Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Confucianism, Daoism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Reformed Judaism, Mormonism, Jehovah's Witnesses, Conservative Judaism, Scientology
the most ancient Hindu scriptures, written in early Sanskrit and containing hymns, philosophy, and guidance on ritual for the priests of Vedic religion. Believed to have been directly revealed to seers among the early Aryans in India, and preserved by oral tradition, the four chief collections are the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda.
Later books of the vedas consisting of complex philosophical explanations of the Vedic religion
In Hindu belief, all the actions that affect a person's fate in the next life
the religious and moral duties of Hindus
The wheel of rebirth or reincarnation; the this-worldly realm in which rebirth occurs.
The highest of the four classes of the caste system, made up of priests.
the eternal Self or soul on an individual that is reincarnated from one body to the next and is ultimately identified with Atman.
The most important work of Indian sacred literature, a dialogue between the great warrior Arjuna and the god Krishna on duty and the fate of the spirit.
The festival of colors, celebrating equality
festival of light in October-November, when lamps are lit
loving devotion to a deity leading to salvation and Nirvana
hindu devotional worship of deities at home or in a temple
Triple Gem of Buddhism
the buddha, the dharma, the sangha
Four Noble Truths
1) All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow. 2) The cause of suffering is nonvirtue, or negative deeds and mindsets such as hated and desire.
3) The only cure for suffering is to overcome nonvirture.
4) The way to overcome nonvirtue is to follow the Eightfold Path
right views, right thought, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right endeavor, right awareness, and right contemplation. seen as the "midle way"
An Indian prince named Siddhartha Gautama, who renounced his wealth and social position. After becoming 'enlightened' (the meaning of Buddha) he enunciated the principles of Buddhism. (180)
a condition of great peace or happiness
The spiritual leader of Vajrayana (Tibetan) Buddhism, believed to be an incarnation of the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara
means "Three Baskets of Wisdom" and contains Buddha's teachings
"the way of the elders"; focuses on the earliest texts and emphasizes monastic lifestyle
the later of the two great schools of Buddhism, chiefly in China, Tibet, and Japan, characterized by eclecticism and a general belief in a common search for salvation, sometimes thought to be attainable through faith alone.
the hindu idea of nonviolence
Leader of the Jain Religion
"the sky clad". a branch of Jainism with people who don't wear clothes in order to get rid of possessions. Women can't reach enlightentment
more liberal in the interpretation of Mahavira's teachings; wear a white cloack
ritual performed 2x a day by Jains to wipe their slate clean through ritual & confession (like Catholic confession). Must be done at least ONCE a year.
founder of Sikhism
The principal sacred text of Sikhism contains hymns and poetry as well as the teachings of the first five gurus
the group of initiated Sikhs to which devout orthodox Sikhs are ritually admitted at puberty
Kesh (uncut hair), Kachera (wooden comb), Kangha (white pants), Kara (steel bracelet), Kirpan (short sword)
In Sikhism, "true teacher".
Formless, resides in the human heart.
Devotion to Onkar expressed inwardly.
Sikh place of worship
a record of the words and acts of the central Chinese thinker and philosopher Confucius and his disciples
Chinese philosopher, administrator, and moralist. His social and moral teachings, collected in the Analects , tried to replace former religious observances
a doctrine summarizing the proper ethical principle for each basic human relationship, such as duty between ruler and subject,
1. husband and wife
2. parent and child
3. elder and younger brother
4. ruler and Minister or subject
5. friend and friend
A philosophy that blended Confucianism with Buddhism and Daoism
Goodness or Virtue
the state of being proper, appropriateness; standards of what is proper or socially acceptable
Correct or appropriate behavior
the character itself translates as "way," "path," or "route," it is used philosophically to signify the or true nature of the world.
book that is the fundamental work of Daoism
the "Old Master" who encouraged people to give up worldly desires in favor of nature; he founded Taoism (Daoism)
Non-action, the preferred Daoist path of least resistance, allowing things to run their natural course--- GO WITH THE FLOW
Meditation and Qui (Chi)
Putting things in your body that were not there naturally (gold, mercury)
Elixer of Immortality
Celestial Master School
form of Daoism; founded by Wang Chongyang; celibate, monastic; promotes unity of all faiths
Three forms of Globalization
1. Diaspora - forced from homelands
2. Transnational religions - missionaries
3. Religious Pluralism - welcome differing religions into society