is calculated by subtracting years of ill health from overall life expectancy.
Healthy life expectancy
The greatest benefit of health benefits is that physically fit individuals:
Enjoy a better quality of life
When people think that tomorrow, next week, or after the holiday is the best time to start change, they are practicing the ____ barrier to change.
The belief that our destiny is in our genes is the ____ barrier to change
Indifference and helplessness
The belief that unhealthy behaviors might harm others but not them is a(n) ____ barrier to change.
Illusions of invincibility
What of the following theories/models believe(s) that behavior change is influenced by the environment, self-efficacy, and characteristics of the behavior itself?
Critical in the move from the Precontemplation stage to the Contemplation stage of the Transtheoretical Model is for the individual to:
Get educated about the problem.
The National Academy of Sciences states that ____ percent of the calories should come from fats in a well-balanced diet
MyPyramid healthy eating guide contains the following five major food groups and oils:
Grains, vegetables, fruits, milk, and meats and beans
A food that offers specific health benefits beyond those supplied by the traditional nutrients it contains is called a ____ food.
The body composition assessment technique that is based on the principle that the amount of subcutaneous fat is proportional to total body fat is:
A technique used to assess body composition by measuring circumferences at specific body sites is called:
A technique used to determine thinness and excessive fatness that incorporates height and weight to estimate critical fat values at which the risk for disease increases is called
Body mass index.
A waist circumference ____ indicates a higher risk for cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes.
Above 40 inches in men and 35 inches in women
Starting at age 25, an average person in the United States loses ____ lean weight each year.
Most of the blame for the alarming increase in obesity in the U.S. lies in:
Over eating and physical inactivity.
Various studies indicate that most people, especially obese people
Underestimate their energy intake
An eating disorder characterized by a refusal to eat enough food to maintain a minimally normal body weight is
A difference between anorexic and bulimic individuals is that bulimics
Are closer to recommended body weight.
Although both bulimic and binge-eating individuals eat large amounts of food in a short period of time, a difference between bulimic and binge-eating individuals is that binge-eaters:
Do not purge
The suggested lower limits of daily caloric consumption are ____ for men and ____ for women (respectively).
1,500 and 1,200 Calories
Weight management is accomplished by:
Making a lifetime commitment to physical activity and proper food selection.
The single most important component of health-related physical fitness for the general population EXCEPT for the older adults is:
Three 20- to 30-minute cardiorespiratory training sessions per week, on nonconsecutive days, will maintain cardiorespiratory fitness
As long as the heart rate is in the appropriate target zone.
A benefit of strength training, accentuated even more when combined with aerobic exercise, is:
A decrease in adipose tissue around muscle fibers themselves
Strength training method referring to a muscle contraction that produces little or no movement, such as pushing or pulling against an immovable object is referred to as:
Strength training should be done either through a total body workout ____ a week, or more frequently if using a split body routine.
The modified sit-and-reach test:
Considers arm and leg lengths in determining the flexibility measurement.
The general recommendation for a beginning flexibility development session is to hold the final stretch position ____ seconds.
A major contributor to back pain is ____, which causes back muscles to shorten, stiffen, and become weaker.
The ability to change body position and direction quickly and efficiently is the definition of:
integration of the nervous and muscular systems to produce correct, graceful, and harmonious body movements is the definition for:
The objective of ____ Test is used to measure hand reaction time in response to a visual stimulus.
The body's mental, emotional, and physiological response to any situation that is new, threatening, frightening, or exciting is called:
____ seems to be more important in the development of disease than the amount and type of stress itself.
How people perceive and cope with stress
The psychological response of the body to stress that prepares the individual to take action by stimulating the vital defense systems is referred to as
stress-management technique that uses progressive contraction and relaxation of muscle groups throughout the body is referred to as
Progressive muscle relaxation
Carcinoma in situ is a critical turning point for cancer because it is when
A tumor reaches about 1 million cells.
Fat intake should be primarily monounsaturated and ____ fats, which seem to offer protection against colorectal, pancreatic, breast, oral, esophageal, and stomach cancers.
One of the most unpleasant, dangerous, and life-threatening effects of drinking is the synergistic action of alcohol when combined with other drugs, particularly:
you are contemplating membership in a fitness facility, you should make sure that
The facility and equipment meet your activity interests.
Adhering to your new lifestyle will not be difficult if you implement your program based on:
Your interests and what you enjoy doing most