Buddhism

Created by michael_payne 

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Bodhisattvas

buddhas in the making, ideal Buddhist for Mahayana sect

Arhat

ideal for Theravedic, saint who has become awakened, transformed.

annatta

"without self"

anicca

the world of constantly changing, "impermanence"

dukkha

"suffering"

Dharma

the way it is, the law

Lama

Tibetan teacher of the Dharma

Karma

cycle of cause and effect.

Nirvana

free from suffering and individual existence

mandalas

exciting patterned icons

mantras

chants

mudras

choreographed hand movements

samsara

the wheel of reincarnation

Sangha

the Buddhist community

Zen

means meditation, emphasizes meditation versus study of scripture

Zazen

seated meditation practiced daily

Roshi

teacher of Zen

Satori

Zen enlightenment

koans

spiritual exercise meant to frustrate the thinking process.

4 noble truths

To live is to suffer, suffering is caused by desire, suffering can be brought to cessation, the solution is the Eightfold path

5 precepts

Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not lie, Do not intoxicate one's self, Do not engage is sensuous actions

3 jewels

Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha

3 poisons

Greed, Desire, Ignorance

Mahayana

o Largest division
o For the masses
o Focus on the Buddha himself - divine salvation
o Believe in a deep connection with Buddha
o Believe in a pantheon of Buddhas

Vajrayana

• Vajra - diamond scepter
o Believe you can attain nirvana here and now
o Primarily practiced in Tibet
o Believe that you can propel yourself to nirvana
• zen - patterned icons that excite
• Mudras - choreographed hand movements
• Mantras - chants
o Hierarchy of lamas
• Dalai Lama is the highest.

Theraveda

"The Way of the Elders"
• Follows earliest texts, original teachings, focus on individual
• Buddha is beyond reach of humans

5 aggregates

Matter
Sensations
Perception
Thoughts
Consciousness

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