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B. Events seem more predictable after they occured

1. Which of the following best describes hindsight bias?
(a) Events seem more predictable before they occurred
(b) Events seem more predictable after they have occurred
(c) A persons intuition is usually correct
(d) A persons intuition is usually incorrect

D. Overconfidence

Jwuan eagerly oppened an online trading account, believing that his market savvy would allow him to pick stocks that would make him a rich day trader. This belief best illustrates...
(a) Placebo effect
(b) illusory correlation
(c) Hindsight bias
(d) Overconfidence

A. Testable propositions

3. Theories are defined as...
(a) Testable propositions
(b) Factors that may change in response to manipulation
(c) Statistical indexes
(d) Principles that help to organize observations and predict behaviors or events

D. Operational definitions

4. To ensure that other researchers can repeat their work, psychologists use
(a) Control groups
(b) Random assignment
(c) Double-blind procedure
(d) Operational definitions

A. Description

Which of the following is NOT a basic research technique used by psychologists?
(a) Description
(b) Replication
(c) Experimentation
(d) Correclation

B. Theory;Hypothesis

7. You decide to test your belief that men drink more softdrinks than women by finding out whether more soft drinks are consumed per day in the men's dorm than in the women's dorm. Your belief is a(n)___, and your research prediction is a(n)___
(a) Hypothesis; Theory
(b) Theory; Hypothesis
(c) Independent;Dependent
(d) Dependent; independent

A. Replication

Which technique involves repeating the essence of an earlier research study with different participants and in different circumstances.
(a) Replication
(b) Correlational research
(c) random sampling
(d) Naturalistic observation
(e) Double-blind procedure

C. Hypothesis

Pro. Delano suggests that because people are especially attracted to those who are good-looking, handsome men will be more successful than average-looking men in getting a job. The pro. reduction employment success is an example of...
(a) Hindsight bias
(b) Placebo effect
(c) Hypothesis
(d) illusory correlation
(e) an operational definition

E. Population

12. In order to learn about the political attitudes of all student enrolled at Arizona State University, Pro. Marlow randomly selected 800 of these students to complete a questionnaire. In this instance, all students enrolled at Arizona State are considered to be a(n)
(a) Independent variable
(b) Representative sample
(c) control
(d) Dependant variable
(e) Population

A. Naturalistic observation

In order to study the development of relationships, Dr. Rajiv carefully observed and recorder patterns of verbal and non-verbal behaviors among men and women in single bars. Which research method did Dr. employ?
(a) Naturalistic observation
(b) Replication
(c) The survey
(d) The case study
(e) experimentation

E. Naturalistic Observation

In order to describe the behavior of animals in their native habitats, researchers are most likely to make use of
(a) survey research
(b) Double-blind
(c) Random assignment
(d) Experimental methods
(e) Naturalistic Observation

C. Better reading ability is associated w/ grater physical weight among children

If the correlation between the physical and reading ability of children is +0.85, this would indicate that
(a) There is very little statistical relationship b/w weight and reading ability among children.
(b) Low body weight has a negative effect on the reading abilities of children.
(c) Better reading ability is associated w/greater physical weight among children.
(d) Body weight has not casual influence on the reading abilities of children.

B. The double-blind procedure

To minimize the extent to which outcome differences between experimental and control conditioned can be attributed to placebo effects, researchers make use of..
(a) random sampling
(b) Th double-blind procedure
(c) Random assignment
(d) operational definitions
(e) Replication

A. Random assignment

To assess the effect of televised violence on aggression, researchers plan to expose one group of children to violent movie scenes and another to nonviolent scenes. In order to reduce the chance that the children in one group have more aggressive personalities than those in the other group, the researchers should make use of...
(a) Random Assignment
(b) The double-blind procedure
(c) Naturalistic observation
(d) Operational definitions
(e) Replication

B. Student scores tended to be very similar to one another

Professor Woo noticed that the distribution of students scores on her last biology test had an extremely small standard deviation. This indicates that the...
(a) Test was given to a very small class of students
(b) Students scores tended to be very similar to one another
(c) Mean test score was lower than the median score
(d) Students generally performed very well on the test
(e) Test was a poor measure of the students knowledge

D. Explain the research to the participants after the study has been completed

The american psych. association and british psych. society have developed ethical principles urging investigators to
(a) Aviod the use of monetary incentives in recruiting people to participate in research
(b) Forewarm potential research participants of the exact hypothesis that the research will test
(c) Avoid the manipulation of independent variables
(d_ explain the research to the participants after the study has been completed
(e) Increase the difficulty level of research endeavors while maintaining validity

C.Action potential

A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the
(a) Synapse
(b) Agonist
(c) action potential
(d) Myelin Sheath
(e) Refractory period

A. Action potential

The movement of positively charged ions across the membrane of a neuron can produce a(n)
(a) Action potential
(b) Synapse
(c) Glial cell
(d) Myelin sheath
(e) Interneuron

A. Action Potential

The depolarization of a neuron membrane can create a
(a) action potential
(b) Myelin sheath
(c) Lesion
(d)neural network

A. Initiation or neural impulses

An all-or-none response pattern is characteristic of the...
(a) Initiation of neural impulses
(b) Release of endorphins into the central neural system
(c) Release of hormones into bloodstream
(d) Activation of either the sympathetic or the parasympathetic system
(e) Inheritance of behavioral predispositions

D. PET scan

The concentration of glucose in active regions of the brain underlies the usefulness of a(n)
(a) MRI
(b) Brain lesions
(c) EEG
(d) PET scan
(e) hemispherectomy

D. Lapse into a come

Severing a cat's reticular formation from higher brain rgions causes the cat to..
(a) become violently aggressive
(b) cower in fear
(c) Experience seizures
(d) lapse into a coma

A. Thalamus

Which brain structure relays info from the eyes to the visual cortex
(a) Thalamus
(b) Amygdala
(c) Medulla
(d) hippocampus
(e) Cerebellum

C. Hippocampus

Which of the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the processing of new memories
(a) Hypothalamus
(b) Thalamus
(c) Hippocampus
(d) Cerebellum

D. Hypothalamus

the brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the
(a) cerebellum
(b) thalamus
(c) Hippocampus
(d) Hypothalamus
(e) Medulla

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