president in 48 election, war hero in mexican war, louisiana slaveholder, dies and millard fillmore takes over
zachary taylors predecessor
creates compromise of 1850 but dies before it passes
comprimise of 1850
makes california a free state, new mexico and utah are territories open to slavery with popular sovereignty. decides texas-mexico border, gives 10 mill to texas to pay mexico. stlave trade abolished in D.C. new fugitive slave act along with it: no trial for runaway slaves and benefits for returning runaways.
kansas-nebraska act 1854
created by stephen A. douglas, popular sovereignty decides slave openness. destroys whig party and missouri comprimise. creates a division in democrats and starts republican party
anti-catholic, radicals want to free slaves but most want to just stop slavery from spreading. lincolns party
started pottawatomie creek and harpers ferry. killed 5 proslavery men and attacked federal arsenal in virginia, wanted to bring a slave revolt in south.
john brown killed 5 men in kansas
1856 president, dread scott case decided in his term.
dread scott case
issued 3 things by supreme court. blacks were not citizens, no right to sue in court. missouri compromise is unconstitutional and cannot say a state is free or slave. slaves can be brought into free states and remain slaves with master.
harpers ferry 1859
john brown attacked a federal arsenal, virginia hoped to bring a slave uprising. created different feelings when he was killed.
was the start of the civil war, lincoln wanted to send supplies only and was then was attacked by confederates
king cotton doctrine
southern belief: leads to the demise of the south. cotton is king and supply of cotton to british and france is so great that they would be forced to help. south holds out and then has no income.
the printing of paper money to help instill some income in the wavering economy, created inflation. also draft created, allowed gov price setting and allowed to confiscate everything provision wise.
states rights doctrine
certain states do a draft and tax in preporation for war and thought they shouldnt have to give it to confederates, for state protection. eventually the confederacy comes and takes it.
emancipation proclamation 1863
freed slaves in states not held by the union, created womens loyal league, instituted black soldiers
lincolns 10% plan
allowed states back into the union with a 10% vote if they first freed their slaves and said an oath to the union. congress didnt think it was harsh enough
the predecessor of lincoln, pardons many rich confederates. made it so they must take in the 13th amendment
congress decided to make their own reconstruction plan. no confederate officers could be in office and they must pass civil rights bill (wasnt fully enforced)
abolishes slavery, void secession, repudiate confederate debts, elected new officials
made blacks citizens, black male suffrage, no compensation for confederate slave holders
cannot deny right to vote because of race, not enforced till 1960
turned the south into 5 military states, southern states would elect officials who would then have to create a new state constitution with black suffrage, then would elect officials to congress.
southerners going to the north to prosper
northerners going south to prosper
a very corrupt cabinet, although he was very just himself. republican, and was initially very for black voting rights then as time went on went toward not helping black rights.
whites from the north wanting to invest in the south
compromise of 1877
no more troops in south, no longer enforce 14th and 15th amendments. south wins the war. basically reinslave south.
the people elect state legislation who choose to have slavery or not in new states
Democratic senator from michigan, created popular sovereignty, goes for president against zachary taylor
stephen a. douglas
endorses compromise of 1850, and gets it to pass, also creates kansas-nebraska act of 1854
romantic conception of war
south thought of war as a heroic thing to do
advantages: know the land, keeps forces together, less casualties, defending your home, makes them invaders, southern support in north
disadvantages: damage done in your home, cuts down on your options, dont take advantage of victories, makes war longer
why south lost
romantic conception of war, king cotton doctrine, defensive policy
man power policy
belief that blacks werent men, created unfairness among whites, exemption for slave holders who had more than 20 slaves.
the idea to re-institute same ideas with new foundations, lincoln
to rebuild the entire beliefs and economy, congress
common property doctrine
created by calhoun, collective states own new states, congress is to manage the territories because of economic disadvantage. other view is that congress has to protect their right to take their property.
harriet beecher stowes
wrote uncle toms cabin, about a slave "uncle tom". wanted to attack slavery no southerners. simon lagree is the slave manager and kills uncle tom in a vicious manner.
codes in the south that almost re-instituted slavery. blacks couldnt work without going to jail and rich whites would bail them out to work for them and would never get out of debt
an institution of people created by lincoln and johnson that helped create schools and infrastructure in southern black areas