Anatomy Final Multiple Choice Pt 2

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KAAP310

The body's water volume is closely tied to the level of which of the following ions?

SODIUM IONS

The term hypotonic hydration refers to

A CONDITION THAT MAY RESULT FROM RENAL INSUFFICIENCY

Hypoproteinenemia is a condition of unusually low levels of plasma proteins. This problem is often characterized by

TISSUE EDEMA

Which of the following hormones is important in the regulation of sodium ion concentrations in the extracellular fluid

ALDOSTERONE

Atrial natriuretic peptide is a hormone that is made in the atria of the heart, the influence of this hormone is

REDUCE BLOOD PRESSURE AND BLOOD VOLUME BY INHIBITING SODIUM AND WATER RETENTION

Respiratory acidosis can occur when

A PERSON'S BREATHING IS SHALLOW DUE TO OBSTRUCTION

Which of the following two organs function as the most important physiological buffer systems

KIDNEYS AND LUNGS

Which of the choices is not an essential role of salts in the body?

ANABOLISM OF PROTEINS

Which of the choices below exerts primary control over sodium levels in the body?

ALDOSTERONE

The fluid link between the external and internal environment

PLASMA

Newborn infants have a relatively higher___content in their ECF than adults do

SODIUM

Whereas sodium is found mainly in the extracellular fluid, most ___ is found in the intracellular fluid

POTASSIUM

Which of the following describes the distribution of sodium and potassium between cells and body fluids

POTASSIUM MAINLY IN THE CELLS, SODIUM IN THE BODY FLUIDS

Problems with fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance are particularly common in infants because their

INEFFICIENT KIDNEYS

The single most important factor in influencing potassium ion secretion is

POTASSIUM ION CONCENTRATION IN BLOOD PLASMA

The term alkaline reserve is used to describe the___buffer system

BICARBONATE

A falling blood pH and a rising partial pressure of carbon dioxide due to pneumonia

RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS

The movement of fluids between cell compartments

IS REGULATED BY OSMOTIC AND HYDROSTATIC FORCES

What hormone reduces bp and blood volume by inhibiting nearly all events that promote vasoconstriction and sodium/water retention

ATRIAL NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE

Which of the following is not a method for regulating the hydrogen ion concentration in blood

DIET

Which of the following is not a chemical buffer system

NUCLEIC ACID

Extracellular fluid in the human body is composed of all of the following except

GLUCOSE

Which of the following statement is true reguarding fluid shifts?

ELECTROLYTES HAVE GREATER OSMOTIC POWER THAN NONELECTROLYTES

Which of the following hormones is important in stimulating water conservation in the kidneys

antidiuretic hormone

The maintenance of the proper pH of the body fluids may be the result of

THE CONTROL OF RESPIRATORY VENTILATION

Which of the following is not a disorder of water imbalance

EXCESSIVE HYDRATION DUE TO EXCESS ADH SECRETION

The regulation of sodium___

IS LINKED TO BP

Select the correct statement about renal mechanisms of acid-base balance

KIDNEY TUBULE CELLS

Blood analysis indicates a low pH and the patient is breathing rapidly

METABOLIC ACIDOSIS

A patient is breathing slowly
and blood pH is high

METABOLIC ALKALOSIS

One of the major physiological factors that triggers thirst is

A RISE IN PLASMA OSMOLARITY

Annie has just eaten a large order of heavily salted fries, pickled eggs, and cheese. How will consuming this much salt affect her physiology

THERE WILL BE A TEMPORARY INCREASE IN BLOOD VOLUME

The most important force causeing net water flow across capillary walls is

HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE OF CAPILLARY BLOOD

Which of the following does not depend on the presence of electrolytes

AMOUNT OF BODY FAT

The regulation of potassium balance___

INVOLVES ALDOSTERONE

Sodium ions are highest in

BLOOD PLASMA

Potassium ions are highest in

INTRACELLULAR FLUID

Phosphate ions are highest in

INTRACELLULAR FLUID

Bicarbonate ions are highest in

INTERSTITIAL FLUID

Proteins are highest in

INTRACELLULAR FLUID

Dissociate in water:

ELECTROLYTES

Do not dissociate:

NONELECTROLYTES

The fluid compartments outside the cell:

EXTRACELLULAR

Fluid compartments within cell

INTRACELLULAR

Spaces between cells

INTERSTITIAL

Magnesium excess

Hypermagnesemia

Calcium depletion

Hypocalcemia

A condtion due to excess water

Hyponatremia

Regulates sodium ion concentrations in the extracellular fluid

Aldosterone

A disorder entailing deficient mineralocorticoid hormone production

Addison's

A condition of unusually low levels of plasma proteins resulting in tissue edema

Hypoproteinemia

An atypical accumulation of fluid in the interstitial space

EDEMA

Sodium excess

Hypernatremia

Potassium excess

Hyperkalemia

Sodium depletion

Hypoatremia

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