Religion Old Testament

59 terms by Chia_nnaji

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David

1000

961

Solomon

950

Solomon's Temple

922

Divided kingdom

721

Northern Kingdom conquered by Assyrians

587

Southern Kingdom conquered by Babylon

538

Edict of Cyrus

515

2nd Temple

TANAK

Hebrew bible; T=torah: 1st 5 books in the Hebrew bible (law); N=nevi'im: prophets; K= Khetuvim: writings

Pentateuch

the name for the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy

Septuagint

Greek translation of the Old Testament

Canon

seen as holy and central to a community

Patriarchs

The ancestors of the Israelites, particularly Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob

Divisions of the Hebrew Bible

Torah + Nevi'im + Ketuvim

Sinai

mountain where the 10 commandments were received

Ark of the Covenant

a gold covered box possibly containing the Ten Commandments and represented the presence of God

Passover

refers to when the Israelites were "passed over" by the angel of death as dictated by the tenth plague; a holiday celebrated by Jews as a day of deliverance

Deuteronomistic history

includes the books of Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, 1st and 2nd Samuel, and 1st and 2nd Kings

Hosea

an allegorical and literal book of love and commitment. a prophet who married an unfaithful wife. He forgave his wife for her sins and redeemed her when she lived in poverty and disgrace. Just as he forgave his wife, God forgives us when we commit adultery against him by putting anything other than him first in our lives.

Assyria

wipe out the Northern Kingdom 721

Babylon

(takes Assyria, Egypt) Southern kingdom in 587

Bathsheba

Wife of Uriah, a Hittite soldier working for King David, her adultery with David caused David to murder her husband and evoked the denunciation of the prophet Nathan. She becomes the mother of Solomon.

Gomer

Hosea's unfaithful wife, depicted as a whore, and their marriage symbolic of the failing marriage of God (husband) and Israel (wife)

Jeroboam

a minister of Solomon who led the revolt against his son Rehoboam. became the first king of the new northern kingdom of Israel he led Israel into sin

Josiah

Faithful King of the Southern Kingdom of Judah, discovered a book in the Temple (Book of Deuteronomy) and implemented reforms to recommit the people to the covenant with God and to eliminate worship of false gods.

David

greatest king of Israel

Northern Kingdom

(Israel) Consisted of 10 tribes, ruled by Jeroboam

book of 12

12 Minor prophets in the old testament

Prophet (Nevi')

hebrew for "One who is called"

Philistines

A powerful nation that invaded Canaan; they are Israel's enemies

Rehoboam

The son of Solomon and grandson of David, refused to reduce heavy burdens (taxes and forced labor) on the people, kingdom separates; is the 1st king of the Southern Kingdom of Judah (contains 2 tribes and Jerusalem)

Samuel

(Old Testament) Hebrew prophet and judge who anointed Saul as king

Saul

the first king of the Israelites who defended Israel against many enemies (especially the Philistines)

Solomon

David and Bathesheba's son who was a great king. He built the Temple. His project cost the people a lot of money in taxes causing a division in Israel.Wealth, Wisdom, Wives. Let wife's bring their religions to the land

Southern Kingdom

Judah, ruled by Rehoboam

Edict of Cyrus

allowed Jews to rebuild the Temple and return to Jerusalem/ Israel

Persia

greatest empire of the ancient world; conquered by Alexander

Wilderness Wandering

Numbers

Deuteronomy

Preparation to enter the Promised land

Ruth

Explains the linage of David
Boaz, Obed, Jesse, David

Hesed

God's undying love

The Day of the Lord

nearness, judgment, terror, call to repentance, and restoration

many offspring
bless those who bless you
promised land
blessing to all families of the world

four parts of the Abrahamic covenant

divsions of the old testament

Law/penteuch, history, wisdom literature and psalms, prophets

consequence of adam and eves sin

labor in the dust until he returns to it (man)
pain during childbirth and subordination in life (woman)

Abraham

who is the ultimate example of a faithful man in the OT

circumcision

what was the sign of the Abrahamic covenant?

Gift v the Gift giver

What is the conflict Abraham faces in relation to his son Issac

deciever

Jacob means what?

Israel

Jacob name changed to what?

Seeing the face of God

Jacob compared seeing Esau to what?

Potipher's wife framed him

How does Joseph end up in Prison?

7 years of plenty, 7 years of famine

what was pharaohs dream that joseph interpreted?

the dreamer

what was Joseph's nickname?

He kills an egyptian and people are finding out about what he did

why does moses flee?

Who Am I?
Who sent me?
What if they don't listen?
Send someone else

What are moses four responses to God's call?

hunger, thirst, bitter water, attack

Obstacles at Sinai

Joshua

defeat amaleck, fought the battle of Jericho

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