5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- sampling error
- inductive analogies
- inductive reasoning
- deductive reasoning
- a makes general conclusions based on individual observation
- b future conclusion from some sample in the past
- c something known to be true (major premise), through a supporting idea or rule (minor premise) to the conclusion. ex: all ad is paid more, see an ad, assume its paid for.
- d calculate the degree that the sample might differ from the population. larger sampling error, less likely sample possesses characteristics similar to the population
- e similarities between two things to a conclusion about some additional attribution of both things.
5 Multiple choice questions
- study and analysis of various methods. have principles that determine how the tools are deployed and interpreted
- telephone survey
- simple random sampling (name in bucket)
systematic random sampling (units from pop based on skip interval)
stratified sampling (from a subset of homo pop)
oversampling (more than 1 pop, want more sampling)
- validity of generalized statements based on limited research studies, or implications. usually when a study in a lab is moved out of the lab causes problems, or a small ground finding in ny, can differ from ca
- going from a generalization to a conclusion. ex: 90% of old people are retired, see an old person, assume they are retired
5 True/False questions
generalization → from premise based on a sample group and leads to a conclusion about the entire population
cross sectional survey → compare the relationships among a set of important variables at intervals. doesnt have to be same people.
quota sampling → like stratified sampling, not random. most common form of nonprobability. must complete a quota for each strata- like 40 blacks, etc.
method → simple how one goes about conducting the research at hand. manner of the research procedure. ex: experimental research, qualitative, historical, etc. usually logical, orderly systematic way. TOOL of scientific investigation
intercept surveys → structured, solicit info from randomly selected participants in a public place. lots of data, low cost, short period of time. volunteer sample so not generalizable and not really random. key locations- mall, airports. can get participants who fit a category. short and to the point questions