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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. prediction
  2. sampling error
  3. inductive analogies
  4. inductive reasoning
  5. deductive reasoning
  1. a makes general conclusions based on individual observation
  2. b future conclusion from some sample in the past
  3. c something known to be true (major premise), through a supporting idea or rule (minor premise) to the conclusion. ex: all ad is paid more, see an ad, assume its paid for.
  4. d calculate the degree that the sample might differ from the population. larger sampling error, less likely sample possesses characteristics similar to the population
  5. e similarities between two things to a conclusion about some additional attribution of both things.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. study and analysis of various methods. have principles that determine how the tools are deployed and interpreted
  2. telephone survey
  3. simple random sampling (name in bucket)
    systematic random sampling (units from pop based on skip interval)
    stratified sampling (from a subset of homo pop)
    cluster sampling
    oversampling (more than 1 pop, want more sampling)
  4. validity of generalized statements based on limited research studies, or implications. usually when a study in a lab is moved out of the lab causes problems, or a small ground finding in ny, can differ from ca
  5. going from a generalization to a conclusion. ex: 90% of old people are retired, see an old person, assume they are retired

5 True/False questions

  1. generalizationfrom premise based on a sample group and leads to a conclusion about the entire population


  2. cross sectional surveycompare the relationships among a set of important variables at intervals. doesnt have to be same people.


  3. quota samplinglike stratified sampling, not random. most common form of nonprobability. must complete a quota for each strata- like 40 blacks, etc.


  4. methodsimple how one goes about conducting the research at hand. manner of the research procedure. ex: experimental research, qualitative, historical, etc. usually logical, orderly systematic way. TOOL of scientific investigation


  5. intercept surveysstructured, solicit info from randomly selected participants in a public place. lots of data, low cost, short period of time. volunteer sample so not generalizable and not really random. key locations- mall, airports. can get participants who fit a category. short and to the point questions


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