An indirect reference to something with which the reader is supposed to be familiar.
A comparison to a directly parallel case.
Ordinary or familiar type of conversation.
A more agreeable or less offensive substitute for generally unpleasant words or concepts.
Making an implied comparision, not using "like," "as," or other such words.
Using words such as "like" or "as" to make a direct comparison between two very different things.
An emotional violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
A seemingly contradictory statement which is actually true.
Repetition or a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row.
A generally bitter comment that is ironically worded.
A work that reveals a critical attitude toward some element of life to a humorous effect.
One in which two parallel elements are set off against each other like equal weights on a scale.
the ironic minimizing of fact, presents something as less significant than it is.
To mention by not mentioning
inverted relationship between the syntactic elements of parallel phrases
A whole is represented by naming one of its parts
When a single word that governs or modifies two or more others must be understood differently with respect to each of those words.
Repetition of initial vowel or consonant sound
A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words.
A literary or artistic work that imitates the characteristic style of an author or a work for comic effect or ridicule.