Rad 113 Ch 4 part 1

15 terms by jp10782 

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intensifying screens

plates coated with flourescent crystals

electrons

fundemental particles that compose atoms

mass

the quality of matter that makes up any physical object

atoms

all matter is composed if these "building blocks"

element

a substance made up of only one type of atom

frequency

the # of times the crest of a wave passes a given point

ampere (A)

used to measure the rate of current flow in a circuit. Equals an electrical charge of 1 coulomb folowing through the conductor each second

Kilovolt Peak (kVp)

used to measure the potential difference across an x-ray tube. Equal to 1000 volts

Ionization

When a neutral atom gains or loses an electron, the electrical charge of its protons and electrons are no longer equal

chemical compound

a substance that consists of only one type of molecule

current

the flow of electrical charges

circuit

when there is a difference in electrical charge

binding energy

energy that holds electrons in its shell

conductor

metal that creates electrical charges

electromagnetic energy

light, x-rays, radio waves, microwaves and other forms of energy

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