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Nursing

Protection, promotion and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response and advocacy in the care of ind, families, communities and populations

nursing process

serves as the organizational framework for the practice of nursing.

nursing process

systematic method by which nurses plan and provide care for patients

Nurse process 6 phases

assessment, diagnosis, outcome identification, planning, implementation and evaluation

assessment

the RN collects comprehensive data pertinent to the patient's health or the situation

diagnosis

the RN analyzes the assessment data to determine the diagnoses or issues

outcome identification

the RN identifies expected outcomes for a plan individualized to the patient or situation

planning

the RN develops a plan that prescribes strategies and alternatives to attain expected outcomes

implementation

the RN implements the identified plan

evaluation

the nurse evaluates the patient's progress toward attainment of outcomes

assessment

systemic, dynamic process by which the nurse through interaction with the client analyzes data about the client

cue

synonym for subjective and objective data

subjective data

verbal sttements provided by the patient

objective data

observable and measurable signs

biographic data

provide info about the facts or events in a person's life

database

a large store or bank of info from which nursing diagnoses can be identified.

data clustering

occurs when related cues are grouped together, also assists in identification of nursing diagnosis

diagnose

identify the type and cause of a health condition; clinical judgment about the client's response to actual or potential health conditions or needs

diagnosis

provides the basis for determination of a plan of care to achieve expected outcomes

problem

any health care condition that requires diagnostic, therapeutic or education action

guidelines to help nurse identify the cues

1. deviations from population norms. 2. any change in the patient's usual health status. 3. developmental delays. 4. dysfunctional behavior. 5. changes in usual behavior

NANDA

North American Nursing Diagnosis Association

Four Components of Nursing Diagnosis

1. nursing diagnosis title/label. 2. definition of the title/label. 3. contributing/etiologic/related factors and 4. defining characteristics

defining characteristics

clincal cues, signs and symptoms that furnish evidence that the problem exists

actual nursing diagnosis

human responses to health condition/life processes that exist in an ind, family, or community; three part statement, words "related to" links the first and second parts of the statement. "manifested by" joins the second and third parts of the diagnostic statement ex. constipation related to insuff fluid intake manifested by abdominal distention, no bowel movement for 5 days and straining at stool

risk nursing diagnosis

human responses to health conditions/life processes that may develop in a vulnerable ind, family or community; two part statement connected by words "related to" ex. risk for impaired skin integrity related to mechanical forces

syndrome nursing diagnosis

used when a cluster of actual or risk nursing diagnoses are predicted to be present in certain circumstances; one part statement ex. rape-trauma syndrome has the etiology provided in the label itself

wellness nursing diagnosis

juman responses to levels of wellness in an ind, family or community that have a readiness for enhancement; written as a one part statement. Words "readiness for enhanced" are used ex. readiness for enhanced nutrition

collaborative problems

certain physiologic complications that nurses monitor to detect onset or changes in status. ex. potential complication: hypoglycemia

medical diagnosis

identification of a disease or condition by a scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, lab test and procedures; physicians make these diagnoses. ex. congestive heart failure

goal

statement about the purpose to which an effort is directed. Exm. the nurse might want to prevent constipation or promote activity

outcome

states the behaviors that the patient will be able to perform rather than what the nurse will do.

measurable verbs

ex. describe, list, walk, demonstrate and verbalize

planning

nursing establishes priorities of care, selects and converts nursing interventions into nursing orders and communicates the plan of care using standardized languages or recognized terminology to document the plan

nursing interventions

those activities that should promote the achievement of the desired patient outcome

physician-prescribed interventions

those actions ordered by a physician for a nurse or other health care professional to perform

nurse-prescribed interventions

any actions that a nurse can legally order or begin independently

nursing orders should include:

date, signature of nurse responsible for the care plan; subject action verb; qualifying details

implementation

established plan is put into action to promote outcome achievement includes ongoing activities of data collection, prioritization, performance of nursing interventions and documentation

evaluation

determination made about the extent to which the established outcomes have been achieved

standardized language

structured vocabulary that provides nurses with a common means of communication

nursing-sensitivities outcomes

the results of outcomes of nursing interventions. These outcomes or indicators are influenced by nursing and can be used to judge effectiveness of care and determine best practices

managed care

a health care system that involves adminstrative control over primary health care services in a medical group practice. Redundant facilities and services are eliminated and costs are reduced. Health education and preventive medicine are emphasized

case management

the assignment of a health care provider to oversee the case of an ind patient

clinical pathways

multidisciplinary plan that schedules clinical interventions over an anticipated time frame for high risk, high volume, high cost types of cases

variance

the unexpected event that occurs during the use of a clinical pathway; can be positive or negative

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