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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Erving Goffman
  2. innovation ritualism
  3. discredited identity
  4. William Sheldon
  5. relativity of deviance
  1. a ectomorph-tall, thing, fragile
    endomorph-short and fat
    mesomorph-muscular and athletic
  2. b norms vary across societies, so we know what is considered to be deviant varies in different societies
  3. c stigma
    discreditable vs. discredited identity
  4. d accept and pursue goals of society but lack sufficient means to reach them, so they find new ones
    example: theft in order to achieve wealth
  5. e stigma is known
    example: Bob living in small town leads everyone to know the crime that had been committed and leads to his secondary deviance

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. just as legitimate means of success are unequally distributed throughout society, so are illegitimate ones
    example: being poor and being a bank robber may only allow you to have one gun and it makes it harder to rob the bank
  2. people do not experience constraint of social norms either because there are no norms or they do not know them
  3. social factors that lead to different people taking different action
    example: suicide rates higher in industrializing societies than nonindustrializing societies
  4. totality of beliefs to all the average people of society
  5. living within the norms of society, not being deviant

5 True/False questions

  1. labeling theoryreject the goals and means to reach the goals of society
    example: not caring to be part of society, living in huts in the mountains of Idaho


  2. discreditable identityvulnerability of being found out of being deviant leads the individual to hide it
    example: college student hiding the fact that they drink because it is illegal to drink underage


  3. Robert Mertonanomie occurs when norms of the society do not fit the social structure
    common accepted goals of society must be met with sufficient means to reach those goals


  4. retreatismrejecting goals of society but continue to pursue the means
    following the rules is more important than reaching the goal
    example: going through the motions and conforming to the group


  5. Lombroso's theory of atavismcriminals are evolutionary throwbacks
    they are failures biologically


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