PSYModules 26,27,28,30

29 terms by worthbrooke

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Some information in our fleeting ___________ is encoded into short-term memory.

working memory

Memory acquisition is to memory retention as ____________ is to _______________

encoding; storage

The process of encoding refers to ....

Getting information into memory

The process of getting information OUT of the memory is called...

Retrieval

Which area of the brain is most important in the processing of IMPLICIT memories?

Cerebellum

Infantile amnesia is largely associated with a lack of ________ memory.

EXplicit

By presenting research participants with three rows of three letters each for only a fraction of a second, Sperling demonstrated that people have ________ memory.

Iconic

The disruption of memory that occurs when football plays have been knocked our provides evidence for the importance of .....

Consolidation in the new formation of memories

We are MORE likely to remember the words ""typewriter, cigarette, and fire" than the words "void, process, and inherent". This best illustrates....

Imagery

When first introduced to someone, Marcel effectively remembers the person's name by repeating it to himself several times. Marcel makes use of a strategy called....

Rehearsal

The tendency to immediately recall the first and last items in a list better than the middle items is known as the ________ effect

Serial position

Your ability to immediately recognize the voice over the phone as your mother's illustrates the value of....

Acoustic encoding

Which of the techniques used by professional therapists is (are) likely to promote false memories in patients?

Guided imagery, dream analysis, hypnosis

Compulsive gamblers frequently recall losing less money than is actually the case. Their memory failure best illustrates..

Motivated forgetting

Karl and Dee had a joyful wedding ceremony. After their painful divorce, however, they began to remember the wedding as a somewhere hectic and unpleasant even. Their recollections best illustrate the nature of--

Memory Construction

Storage is to encoding as _______ is to _______

Retention; acquisition

The process of encoding refers to....

getting information into memory

The retention of encoded information over time refers to....

STORAGE

The three steps in memory information processing are....

encoding, storage, retrieval

Which part of the brain plays a key role in forming and storing the implicit memories created by classical conditioning?

Cerebellum

The increase in synaptic firing potential that contributes to memory formation is known as....

Long-term potentiation

Stress hormones promote stronger memories by

increasing the availability of glucose

The temporary release of serotonin has been found to _______ memory formation, and the temporary release of stress hormones has been found to ________ memory formation.

Facilitate; facilitate

Encoding and storing a friend's new cellphone number typically involves....

the effortful processing

The organization of information into meaningful units is called....

Chunking

One way to increase the amount of information in memory is to group it into larger, familiar units. This process is referred to as....

Chunking

Researchers staged either seances during which participants were asked to concentrate on moving a table. Participants who later recalled having seen the table move illustrated...

Imagination inflation

Which of the following sequences would be best to follow if you wanted to minimize interference-induced forgetting in order to improve your recall on the psychology midterm?

Study, sleep, test

Adults who have trouble remembering incidences of childhood sexual abuse have often been led by therapists to believe that their memory difficulties are due to....

Repression

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