egypitan,greek and roman art
|Egyptian Tomb Art||5000 BC to 300 AD this is a painting, a relief sculpture. The purpose is history and religious. The images say to us that these were highly skilled artists with keen powers of observation. All Egyptian reliefs were painted, and less prestigious works in tombs, temples and palaces were just painted on a flat surface. Stone surfaces were prepared by whitewash, or if rough, a layer of coarse mud plaster, with a smoother gesso layer above.|
|Egyptian relief structure||1323-1295 B.C. this is a sculpture. the purpose would be religious, history, utilitarian|
Relief sculpture was a prominent part of ancient Egyptian traditions. They would make use of relief sculpture to decorate the walls of the tombs, temples and other important structures. They believed that decorating the tomb with relief sculptures ensured a blissful eternal afterlife.
|bust of queen Nifitti||1352-1336 B.C this is a sculpture and a bust. the purpose is religious, history. a 3300-year-old painted limestone bust of Nefertiti, the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and is one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt.Nefertiti has become one of the most famous women from the ancient world as well as an icon of female beauty. It is believed to have been crafted in 1345 BC by the sculptor Thutmose.|
|Egyptian Jewerly||around 4000 BC this is a painting, sculpture. the purpose is religious, political, history.The Nile Valley has been home to anatomically correct humans for over 100.000 years and it is assumed that in those very early days stone, shell, bone, animal teeth and ivory have been used as personal decoration similar to other places in prehistory.|
|King Tut Funeral Mask||1341 BC - 1323 BC this is a sculpture, and painting. the purpose would be religious, aesthetic, storytelling|
The death mask of Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun is made of gold inlaid with colored glass and semiprecious stone. The mask comes from the innermost mummy case in the pharaoh's tomb, and stands 54 cm (21 in) high.
|Pyramids at Giza||2600-2480 b.c this is a sculpture. the purpose is religious, history. The most prolific pyramid-building phase coincided with the greatest degree of absolutist pharaonic rule. It was during this time that the most famous pyramids, those near Giza, were built. Over time, as authority became less centralized, the ability and willingness to harness the resources required for construction on a massive scale decreased, and later pyramids were smaller, less well-built and often hastily constructed.|
|The Parthenon||448-432 BC this is a sculpture. the purpose was political, religious, aesthetic, storytelling. The Parthenon is a temple that towers above the city of Athens, symbolizing the Athenians' wealth and power. The temple is dedicated to Athena Parthenos, a Greek goddess and the city-symbol of Athens. This temple served as a monument to Athena because they believed that she helped the Greeks conquer the Persian Empire in the Persian Wars.|
|Greek column orders||570 BC-560 BC this is a sculpture. the purpose of this is history, religious. The Ionic columns normally stand on a base which separates the shaft of the column from the stylobate or platform; The cap is usually enriched with egg-and-dart.|
|Archaic Greek statues||Around 1200 BC this is a sculpture. the purpose is history, utilitarian.The arts of ancient Greece have exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries all over the world, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. In the West, the art of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models. In the East, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures, resulting in Greco-Buddhist art, with ramifications as far as Japan.|