When the Muslim's are called to prayer, who calls them?
What is the Holy book for Muslims called?
Name the 5 Pillars of Islam
1. Faith that there is only one God
3. Giving part of what you have to the poor
5. Pilgrimage to Mecca
Muslims submit only to who?
What is a clan?
A number of families that claim to have a common ancestor.
Who is Muhammad
He is the main prophet for Islam. He was called as a messenger for Allah
When does the Muslim calendar year begin?
It began with the journey to Hegira
What was Hegira
This was Muhammad's escape from those who were trying to murder him because of his belief in Allah
What day of the week is the Muslim's Holy day?
What are caliphs?
These are the successors to Muhammad
The Islamic empire was behind, ahead or the same as the European empire when it came to the idea of medicine?
The Islamic empire was AHEAD of the European empire.
Who called the war against the Muslims?
Pope Urban II
Why were the Holy Wars started?
To free the Holy Land from Muslims because they were supposedly destroying the shrines there.
Who were the Ottomon Turks?
They were the successors to the Islamic Empire.
What did the Ottomon Turks do in 1453?
They captured Constantinople
Who is Allah?
This is the Arabic word for God
Who is the Avicenna
a doctor, philosopher, and a mathematician
What is the Koran?
This is the Muslim's Holy Book
What is Mecca?
This is Islam's most sacred city.
What is Medina?
This is the city to which Muhammad fled during Hegira.
Who is Muhammad?
He is the messenger of Allah
What is Ramadan
This is a month were Muslims fast.