a statement which can be inferred directly from another statement
The _______ of a statement is a statement that reverses the subject and predicate. It is only valid for ___ and ___.
converse, E, I
The ______ of as statement is a statement of the opposite quality with a negated predicate. It is valid for ____ ________.
obverse, all statements
The ______ of a term is the set of all terms not included in the given term. Ex. P becomes non-P.
The ______ of a statement is a statement that reverses and negates both the subject and predicate of the original. It is valid for __ and __.
contrapositive, A, O
Use immediate inferences to translate arguments with _______ terms into standard-form syllogisms for analysis.
Statements of the form (Not all S are P) should not be translated (No S are P) but ___________.
Some S are not P
________ statements are best translated as universals.
Hypothetical statements should be translated as _________.
The words following the inclusive usually make up the __________.
The words following an exclusive often make up the __________.
an argument in which a statement is unstated and assumed. Specifically, it is a syllogism with one assumed statement.
a statement that affirms an outcome based on a condition. It has the form (If P then Q).
The _________ of a hypothetical statement is the condition, the part following the "if."
The _________ of a hypothetical statement is the result of the condition, the part after the "then."
an argument that uses both hypothetical and categorical statements.
Latin phrase for "it does not follow"; i.e., that an argument is invalid.
There are ____ valid forms of syllogisms.