5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- The Enlightenment
- a English mathematician and physicist
- b A philosophical movement which started in Europe in the 1700's and spread to the colonies. It emphasized reason and the scientific method. Writers of the enlightenment tended to focus on government, ethics, and science, rather than on imagination, emotions, or religion. Many members of the Enlightenment rejected traditional religious beliefs in favor of Deism, which holds that the world is run by natural laws without the direct intervention of God.
- c Leader of the Physiocrats who thought that land was the source of all wealth and supported laissez-faire economies.
- d Controls fear and anger
- e Scottish philosopher whose skeptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- opposed to enlightenment thinking
- Settled disposition never to advance the happiness of others
- Smith attended University, interest piqued in ethics; later taught moral philosophy, law and economics at university
- an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
- the capital of Scotland
5 True/False Questions
Galileo → Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars; demonstrated that different weights descend at the same rate; perfected the refracting telescope that enabled him to make many discoveries (1564-1642)
The Invisible Hand → Adam Smith's term for the natural self-regulation of a market economy driven by self-interest and efficiency
Impartial Spectator → the strengths or habits that help us make better decisions to live as children of God and followers of Christ; prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance; also known as the cardinal virtues. , prudence, justice , beneficence, self-command, they are also called the Cardinal Virtues.
Britain's Navigation Acts → 1. duty to advance human happiness by public policy 2. belief that human capacity for sympathy is limited, so that self-interest must be harnessed to get people to be productive 3. Perspective of the impartial spectator, which elevates the common good over narrow special interests
The Corn Laws → The set of laws that stated that there was no foreign grain allowed in England: this eliminated competition for squires, who could also regulate the prices as high or as low as they wanted.