← Mod. US History Ch. 9 Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Harrison, Cleveland, McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft What is the correct order of U.S. Presidents in the late 1800s and early 1900s? moving civilians into concentration camps What method did U.S. soldiers use against the Filipinos that the Spanish had used against the Cubans? Theodore Roosevelt Which politician was referred to as "the hero of San Juan Hill"? anti-Asian prejudice in San Francisco public schools What event angered Japan and led to President Roosevelt's "Gentlemen's Agreement"? investing by Americans in businesses and banks throughout Central America and the Caribbean. "Dollar diplomacy" advocated what? France. The first group that tried but failed to dig a canal across Panama in the late 1800s was from who? pressure on the king and the overthrow of the queen. In the 1880s and 1890s, U.S. planters gained power in Hawaii through what? presidential candidate who ran on an anti-imperialist platform in 1900 Who was William Jennings Bryan? pledged that the United States would not control Cuba after the war with Spain. The Teller Amendment did what? turn them into goods in their factories. Raw materials such as iron, tea, and rubber interested European imperialist nations because the nations could do what? Filipino nationalist. Emilio Aguinaldo was a what? British Guiana and Venezuela. The 1895 conflict between the United States and Britain involved a border dispute between who? form of journalism that used sensational headlines and exaggerated stories. The Yellow Press was a what? President Harrison favored annexation, but President Cleveland did not. What was the difference in the attitude of Presidents Harrison and Cleveland toward the annexation of Hawaii? Both were committed to reforms but were unable to bring them about. What did Francisco Madero have in common with Venustiano Carranza? "Remember the Maine!" What was a slogan used by the U.S. public to urge war against Spain? He extended limited self-rule and ordered construction of schools, roads, and bridges. What initiatives did William Howard Taft use as governor of the Philippines to help the islands recover from rebellion? "civilize" people in other countries by converting them to Christianity. Some religious missionaries believed that the Anglo-Saxon race should do what? scientific breakthroughs in the treatment of tropical diseases. The completion of the Panama Canal depended on what? Teddy Roosevelt Who said, "Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far?" Africa and Asia What two continents were being colonized by the European imperialism? quest for Empire (Asia/Africa) In the late 1800's, European imperialism was also known as the what? economic, nationalism, military, and humanitarian What are the causes of imperialism? humanitarian spread the blessings of Western civilization especially Christianity. "White Man's Burden" social darwinists Who believed that certain racial/ national groups were superior over other groups? Admiral Alfred T. Mahan Who wrote, "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History?" a strong navy What was needed to protect overseas markets? new markets for American goods What promoted economic growth? expansion would restore/preserve the nation's pioneer spirit (Frederick Jackson Turner/ Turner Thesis) What would preserve American spirit? Matthew Perry Who opens Japan in 1853? Alaska What did US buy from Russia in 1867? "Seward's Folly" Treaty with Hawaii, 1875 What said that Hawaii could not lease lands to any foreign power? Caribbean Islands/Latin America Where did US interests grow in 1870? Sanford Dole Who removed Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani and asked that the US annex Hawaii? The Cuban Rebellion, 1895 What rebellion had US expanding overseas and had interests in other land? Jose Marti Who pleaded for the US to intervene? Cuban guerillas Who destroyed American sugar plantations to pressure American businesses to force US government to take action? Joseph Pulitzer Who published New York World? the Cuban conflict What did two New York newspapers write exaggerated stories about? William Randolph Hearst Who published the New York Morning Journal? jingoism national pride and aggressive foreign policy. USS Maine What did President McKinley send to Havana in 1898 to protect American citizens and property? The de Lome letter What called President McKinley "weak, and bidder for the admiration of the crowd" on Feb. 1898? an explosion On Feb. 15, 1898, what sank the USS Maine, killing 250 sailors? Spain Who was blamed for the sinking of the Maine? John Hay Who said, "A Splendid Little War?" Havana, Cuba Where was the Maine originally located? Philippines Whose controlled by Spain? Philippines Where is the naval battle fought? Admiral Dewey On May 1, 1898, who led an attack on the Spain fleet in the Philippines- destroying the Spanish fleet within hours? Battle of Manila Bay What was the battle that Dewey led called? "Rough Riders" Who did TR lead up San Juan Hill? 10th Cavalry and "Buffalo Soldiers" Who goes with TR and the Rough Riders up San Juan Hill? John J Pershing Who leads the "Buffalo Soldiers?" Santiago Bay In 1898, where did the US sink every Spanish ship as it sailed from Santiago Harbor? horses What didn't the Rough Riders have back then? Cuban independence What did Spain recognize? Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam What three places did Spain give to the US? $20,000,000 How much money did Spain give the three places to the US for? Imperialism vs. Liberty What is an issue for many Americans? to civilize the Filipinos, warn them against possible European attacks, and to educate and bring modern technology to the Philippines. What did McKinley want to do? China Who does the US pursue interest in? "Spheres of Influence" areas of economic and political control over China. Russia, Germany, Great Britain, and Japan Who all had "spheres of influence" in China? "Open Door Policy" If China has a huge population and a vast market for goods then what kind of policy do they have? equal access to China's trade. What did the US want of Chinas? all foreigners What did the Chinese resent? Russia-Japan had conflicting claims in Korea and Manchuria. What happened during the Russo-Japanese War? Treaty of Portsmouth What treaty did TR agree to mediate a peace settlement for the war? "Yellow Peril" fear of the yellow race. around the US, especially in California Where did racial prejudice develop? Japan Who defeated Russia on the sea but lacked the raw material to continue a long war? Great White Fleet In 1907, what did TR send around the world? to "make the world safe for democracy." In 1917, why did the US enter WWI? Pancho Villa Who raided into New Mexico and killed 17 Americans? John J. Pershing Who did Woodrow Wilson order into Mexico to capture Villa? Venustiano Carranza Who becomes president of Mexico in 1915? Vera Cruz Where did Wilson order US Marines to go to stop a German ship from unloading military supplies to Huerta? Victoriano Huerta Who seized power in 1913? "Moral Imperialism" and "watchful waiting." Wilson refused to recognize the Huerta regime, adopting a policy of what? William H. Taft Who was for "Economic Imperialism" and said "Every diplomat is a salesman?" Panama Canal Treaty What treaty was signed on 12/31/99? $25,000,000 How much does the US pay Colombia in 1921? George Goethals Who completed the canal at a cost of $400,000,000? Hay Bunau Varilla Treaty What treaty was between the US and Panama? Colombia Who does Panama gain independence from? Colon, Panama Where did the US warship Nashville arrive to protect US citizens? $10,000,000 plus $250,000 year lease for a 6 mile section across Panama. What did the US offer Colombia? Colombian Senate Who rejects the treaty that US offered to Colombia? French Who abandoned the project to build a canal across the Isthmus of Panama? Bogota What is the capitol of Colombia? from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Where was the USS Oregon sent? 1 military and 2 businesses What did the canal need for support?