Social Studies Chapter 16

33 terms by cmessine 

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favelas

huge slums

gauchos

Argentine cowboys

mercosur

a trade organization that promotes economic cooperation

gran chaco

a lower region south of the Brazilian plateau

brasilia

Brazil's capital

pampas

the Argentine wide grassy plains

encomienda

a system where the Spanish monarch gave land to colonists

montevideo

Uruguay's capital

estuary

a partially closed body of water where seawater and freshwater mix

landlocked

completely surrounded by land with no straight access to the sea

portugal

what European country did Brazil win independence from in 1822?

brazil

this country has the largest economy and population of any other country in Atlantic south america

buenos aires

the capital of Argentina

portugal

what European country claimed Uruguay before the Spanish took over in the 1770s?

soil exhaustion

happens when soil looses all of it's nutrients

95%

what percent of the population in Paraguay are mestizo

northern and coastal

the areas of the Atlantic south america that have moist tropical climates

the amazon

the name of the most popular rain forest in Atlantic south america

argentina

the country that gained independence from Spain in 1816 but suffered from a long period of violence and war afterward

amazon and parana

these two rivers drain most of the region

spanish

the official language of Uruguay

asia

probably the first group that settled in Brazil

humid tropical, humid subtropical

the climates of Atlantic south america

brazil

the largest country in this country

the paraguay river

the river that separates Paraguay into two regions

democracy

the current type of government of Argentina

parrillada

a popular Argentine dish made of beef and sausage

northeast

the poorest region of Brazil is the...

carnival

a big celebration that mixes the traditions of Africa, Europe, and Brazil

feijoda

a stew of black beans and meat

tango

a Spanish dance

samba

a dance adapted from and African dance

biggest resource is amazon- food, wood, rubber, medicine, and more but a lot has been cleared for ranching farming and mining, and theres soil exhaustion from commercial agriculture

what problems do Atlantic south american countries face as they use their natural resources?

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