What is the "Roman Spirit"?
Romans were encouraged to behave like heroes. they were to show courage, honor, and loyalty
List some characteristics of Plebeians.
1. Merchants, soldiers, farmers
2. Represented by tribunes
3. Rented land
4. Less powerful citizens (not wealthy)
5. Demanded greater rights
List some characteristics of Patricians.
1. Only patricians ran the Roman government.
2. Wealthiest, most powerful citizens
3. chosen as consuls for the Senate
4. created their own armies
5. owned land
Desribe the rights of Roman women.
1. Were citizens
2. Could not vote or hold public office
3. Could own property
4. Could testify in court
What power did the consuls have?
each consul had the power to stop the other consul from taking an action that he did not agree with
Why were plebeians struggling?
the patricians bought much of the land and forced the plebeians to rent it--they struggled to survive
How did the tribunes protect the rights of the plebeians?
Being represented made it easier for the plebeians to become wealthy. That made it easier for them to associate with the patricians.
Who was Hannibal?
Carthaginian general who invaded Italy from Spain;
Crossed the Alps with a herd of elephants
How did the Romans turn enemies into friends?
1. Granted some of them Roman citizenship
2. Allowed others to keep a local government
3. Built aqueducts, roads, building in conquered lands.
What problems did Rome face that led to the end of the Republic?
Patricians became wealthier, which left very little for the others
Slaves took many of the plebeians jobs
Fighting destroyed homes and farmlands
Romans became poorer as their armies took over new lands
Why did the patricians worry about Caesar's growing power?
They were worried that Caesar would destroy the republic by taking total power in Rome
What happened to the republic after Caesar's death?
Civil war broke out and several leaders fought for power. The Roman Republic ended.