6 History 7-B

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6th grade History Chapter 7-B

LESSON 39

LESSON 39

Hannibal

Who was a general of the Carthage army during the Second Punic War?

Italy

Hannibal was brilliant and decided to first invade who to use those people to help him defeat Rome?

across the cold, rugged Alps

Where did Hannibal plan to go into east Italy?

elephants

What did Hannibal desire to use in battle, but many died on the journey through the snowy alps?

his planning skills

What helped Hannibal win many battles against the Romans, even though his army was much stronger?

defeat them

What could Hannibal never completely do to the Romans?

Scipio

What man did Rome's Senate eventually find whose ability equaled Hannibal?

Scipio

This man left Italy and attacked Carthage while Hannibal was in Italy. Who won the victory, even though Hannibal rushed home to defend his city?

Carthage

Who made peace with Rome to end the war?

because Scipio won

Why did Hannibal run away?

committed suicide

What did Hannibal do rather than die at the hands of his enemies?

1. the remains of Alexander the Great's empire
2. Greece
3. Mediterranean Sea

What did the Romans conquer besides conquering many lands?

slaves

Who had taken the jobs, when the Roman soldiers returned home?

1. the rich class
2. their votes

Who took advantage of the poor and how?

grain, precious metals, money & slaves

What were the many goods that were taken along the Roman roads to other lands?

tribute

What are taxes paid to a ruler by conquered peoples?

Roman roads

What was fast and easy to travel?

road system

What did Rome have in every part of its empire after 500 years?

10 times the circumference of the earth

The roads had a combined length of what?

LESSON 40a, "The Collapse of the Republic"

LESSON 40a, "The Collapse of the Republic"

1. obeyed the law
2. people

Up until this point, the republic had been strong because the citizens did what _____ & lawmakers served the interests of the _____?

plebeians

Who gave up their rights to rule, and they did not care how the government was run?

feed & protect them

What things did the plebeians want the government to do for them?

Julius Caesar

What child was born in 100 B.C. and brought big changes to Rome?

July

What month was Julius Caesar born in & it was named after him?

eloquence & determination

What made Julius Caesar popular?

military general

Caesar was an outstanding _______?

attacking & conquering

Caesar went through Italy, Switzerland, France, Spain, Holland, Belgium, Germany, Great Britain and Rome doing what?

The Senate

Who ordered Caesar to stop attacking and go home?

Rubicon River

Where was Caesar when he was ordered to stop and go home to Rome?

Pompey; Caesar defeated Pompey

Who was the Roman leader that Caesar was at war with for 4 years? Who defeated who?

dictator of Rome

What did the Senate proclaim Caesar as in 46 B.C.?

10 years; for life

How long was Caesar supposed to rule & what did he change the law to be?

1. limited the power of the "corrupt Senate"
2. granting citizenship to people from Italian territories
3. promoting colonizations
4. schools
5. libraries
6. public works

List the many things that Caesar accomplished in his life?

full power; republic

What did Caesar insisted on having, even though he accomplished a lot and many people liked him? Rome was no longer a true ______?

LESSON 40B

LESSON 40B

365 1/4 days

In the past, the Roman calendars had ignored the fact that the solar year is ______?

the seasons were at the wrong time of the year

When Caesar reigned, what had become a problem with the calendar?

Leap year; an extra day

What is the forth year called & what is added to February?

445 days

Caesar had to fix the old calendar, before using the new one. How long did Caesar make the year 46 B.C. to fix the calendar?

"year of confusion"

What was the extra long year called?

Julian calendar

What is Caesar's calendar called?

Gregorian calendar

What is our calendar called today?

Brutus & Cassius

What were the name of the senators that met with another group of senators and plotted to kill Caesar, because he began to rule more like a dictator?

ides of March

What do they call March 15th the day the men killed Caesar when he entered the room?

at the foot of the "Statue of Pompey"

Where did Caesar fall when he fell dead?

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