1853 The U.S. gov. paid Mexico 10 million in exchange, the United States received the southern parts of what are now Arizona and New Mexico
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
popular sovereignty failed and caused caos in kansas
dred scott v sanford
1857 Supreme Court decision that stated slaves were not citizens: slaves were property no matter where they were living and the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
The pro-slavery constitution suggested for Kansas' admission to the union. It was rejected.
The Freeport Doctrine was articulated by Douglas at the second of the Lincoln-Douglas debates on August 27, 1858, in Freeport, Illinois. Lincoln tried to force Douglas to choose between popular sovereignty and the majority decision of Dred Scott v. Sandford Instead of making a direct choice, Douglas' response stated that despite the court's ruling, slavery could be prevented from any territory by the refusal of the people living in that territory to pass laws favorable to slavery.
john brown & harpers ferry
abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)
a person who is loyal to their allegiance (especially in times of revolt)
A single document that is accepted in a single vote by a legislature but contains amendments to a number of other laws or even many entirely new laws.
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
1860 - attempt to prevent Civil War by Senator Crittenden - offered a Constitutional amendment recognizing slavery in the territories south of the 36º30' line, noninterference by Congress with existing slavery, and compensation to the owners of fugitive slaves - defeated by Republicans
confederate states of america
the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
the anaconda plan
the plan emphasized the blockade of the Southern ports, and called for an advance down the Mississippi River to cut the South in two.
battle of antietam
Civil War battle in which the North suceedeed in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland. Was the bloodiest battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
battle of gettysburg
a battle of the American Civil War (1863)
john wilkes booth
United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)