The repetition of initial consonant sounds, such as "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers."
A reference contained in a work.
The presentation of two contrasting images.
Harsh and discordant sounds in a line or passage in a literary work.
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects.
Words describe things that exist and can be experienced through the senses. Abstractions and figurative langauge are rendered understandable and specific through concrete examples.
The process of moving from a general rule to a specific example.
Involves placing a word first in a general class and then adding distinguishing features that set it apart from other members of that class: "A Dalmatian is a breed of dog (general class) with a white, short-haired coat and dark spots (distinguishing feature)."
Refers to language that describes concepts rather than concrete images.
A comparison made directly using the word "is" ; for example: Life is a river.
A comparison that is not overt or direct. For example: The river of life.
A comparison that continues throughout the text and is fully developed. Allegory, is an example of this type of metaphor.
A metaphor in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated. For example, "crown" for "royalty".
Pacing two elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast. Realted to syntax, in addition to figurative language.
Rpetition of vowel sounds or "internal rhyme".
The repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words, but also in the middle.
A comparison using like or as.
A recurring theme, subject or idea.
Language that appeals to the senses - auditory, tactile, olfactory, gustatory, kinesthetic, organic.
Any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality. For example, "Grey eyed Athena" (Homer).