Person who has no interest in or desire for sex.
Individuals who are sexually attracted to both genders.
Proposed as an alternative to gay marriage; a form of legally recognized commitment that provides gay couples some of the benefits and protections of marriage.
Those who believe that notions of gender are socially determined, such that a dichotomous system is just one possibility among many.
Those who believe gender roles have a genetic or biological origin and therefore cannot be changed.
The position of the family member who provides emotional support and nurturing.
Belief in the social, political, and economic equality of the sexes; also the social movements organized around that belief.
feminization of poverty
The economic trend showing that women are more likely than men to live in poverty, caused in part by the gendered gap in wages, the higher proportion of single mothers compared to single fathers, and the increasing costs of childcare.
The earliest period of feminist activism in the United States, including the period from the mid-nineteenth century until American women won the right to vote in 1920.
The physical, behavioral, and personality traits that a group considers normal for its male and female members.
The roles and traits that a social group assigns to a particular gender.
gender role socialization
The lifelong process of learning to be masculine or feminine, primarily through four agents of socialization: families, schools, peers, and the media.
Fear of or discrimination toward homosexuals or toward individuals who display purportedly gender-inappropriate behavior.
The tendency to feel sexual desire toward members of one's own gender.
human sexual dimorphism
The extent, much debated in recent years, to which inherent physical differences define the distinctions between the two sexes.
The position of the family member who provides the family's material support and is often an authority figure.
Term to describe a person whose chromosomes or sex characteristics are neither exclusively male nor exclusively female.
A movement that originated in the 1970s to discuss the challenges of masculinity.
men's rights movement
An offshoot of male liberationism whose members believe that feminism promotes discrimination against men.
Literally meaning "rule of the father"; a male-dominated society.
pro-feminist men's movement
An offshoot of male liberationism whose members support feminism and believe that sexism harms both men and women.
A paradigm that proposes that categories of sexual identity are social constructs and that no sexual category is fundamentally either deviant or normal; this paradigm emphasizes the importance of difference and rejects as restrictive the idea of innate sexual identity.
The unpaid housework and childcare often expected of women after they complete their day's paid labor.
The period of feminist activity during the 1960s and 1970s often associated with the issues of women's equal access to employment and education.
An individual's membership in one of two biologically distinct categories—male or female.
The inclination to feel sexual desire toward people of a particular gender or toward both genders.
The process of learning behaviors and meanings through social interaction.
The movement organized around gaining voting rights for women.
The most recent period of feminist activity, focusing on issues of diversity and the variety of identities women can possess.
Term describing an individual whose sense of gender identity is at odds with her or his physical sex but who has not necessarily sought sex-reassignment surgery.
Individuals who identify with the opposite sex and have surgery to alter their own sex so it fits their self-image.