Nicknamed the "lame duck amendment," this law shortened the period between election and inauguration considerably.
Regular sessions during FDR's presidency where he would speak to the nation and attempt to keep their confidence up during the Depression.
The period between FDR's inauguration in March 1933 through early June when his first New Deal was put into effect.
A four-day period march 5-9, where all banks in the country were closed and FDR ordered an inspection of the banks.
The Secretary of Labor during FDR's presidency who passed many laws that would help the low wage earners and the unemployed.
Mary McLeod Bethune
One of FDR's many African American policymakers who had the highest position of any black person in FDR's New Deal. She was made the head of the Division of Negro Affairs in the National Youth Administration, and reported to the President on the state of his legislation on blacks and proposed new laws to help them.
A secret group set up by Bethune to increase AA support and influence for and in the New Deal; it gathered all policymakers and office holders in the New Deal to discuss their priorities in lawmaking.
A newspaper column written by Eleanor Roosevelt to increase public support for the New Deal and report on its progress to the people.
A system set up by FDR to protect people's financial security in case of a calamity that could make a family lose all its money; protected against unemployment, disabilities, a dependent child, blindness, and old age.
A famous African American concert singer who had her first performance in 1935, the Daughters of the American Revolution refused to let her rent Constitution Hall (Eleanor Roosevelt and several others resigned after this decision).
American Liberty League
One of the main criticism groups against the New Deal; it attempted to charge the New Deal with limiting American freedom by passing unconstitutional laws and accusing the US of turning into a Communist country with FDR's programs.
Alfred E. Smith
A leader of the American Liberty League who opposed FDR's ideals.
A religious priest and demagogue who spoke over the radio and constantly contradicted himself, praising and then attacking FDR on a constant basis.
Another demagogue who was a lawyer, a governor of Louisiana, and a US Senator. His most radical idea called ( in another term ) limited individual income to $1 million and inheritance to $5 million. The government would then take the rest and give it to the poor.
A program to take the money from the wealthy through highly steep income taxes and give it to the poor. As a result, enormous amounts would be taken from the rich.
The government practice of spending more money than it takes in through taxes and other sources of income.
A proposal by FDR to add six more justices to the Supreme Court that would vote to approve ALL of this New Deal programs, damaged his reputation. (completely dead)
Recession of 1937
A second period of economic decline during the Great Depression that resulted because FDR had largely stopped spending money and attempted to create a balanced budget, which lessened the effects of the New Deal on the people by laying off many more workers and giving less and less to the people.
John L. Lewis
The leader of the Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) who sought to add unskilled workers to the AFL in order to protect them and give them the same rights as skilled workers. His committee was shut down when the AFL realized the CIO was gaining too many members, and it split soon after.
Wizard of Oz
A 1939 movie that was an instant hit during the Depression because it allowed people to forget their troubles and focus on musicals and the characters in an entirely different world.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
A 1938 animated cartoon movie that delighted Depression audiences with its story of conflict and triumph against evil, along with humor that allowed people to laugh again and feel happy while watching the movie.