River Rome is located near.
Ancient people who lived north of the Tiber River before Rome was founded; had a major influence on the early history of the Roman Republic.
Language of the Romans.
Code of written laws created during the Roman Republic.
Wealthy nobility in Roman society.
Common people in Roman society.
A political system in which people elect representatives to govern them.
A key trade center built by the Phoenicians and rival of Rome built on the northern coast of Africa.
Roman general who was one of the greatest military leaders in history.
a curved structure used as a support over an open space, as in a doorway
a structure that carries water over long distances
In ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government
A ruler who has complete power over a country
Part of the first triumvirate who eventually became dictator in 45 B.C. Was assassinated by fellow senators in 44 B.C.E.
Raised the total of the Senate to 900 of his supporters
Part of Second Triumvirate (controlled western europe), Julius Caesar's grandnephew. (Augustus becomes his name)
Title taken by Octavian.
Part of Second Triumvirate (controlled eastern europe), relationship with Cleopatra of Egypt.
Roman Emperor who was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64.
Brothers who were killed because they wanted to pass land reform bills to give back to the small farmers.
Large unit of soldiers under Augustus.
Occupation of most Romans.
The city that was originally Byzantium.
The legend Romulus and Remus were mothered by this animal.
The famous Carthaginian general that fought with elephants in the Punic Wars.
Island southwest of Italy and site of one of the Punic wars
Lured Hannibal back to Africa by attacking Carthage
The river boundary that marked a point of no return; Caesar crossed it and started a civil war
Roman emperor that built walls to protect the empire.
The other name of Augustus Caesar.
As emperor he adopted Christianity at created a new capital at Byzantium.
The triumvirate including Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus.
Jesus of Nazareth
The "messiah" of Christianity
German tribe that sacked Rome
Believed the Roman Empire was too large for a single ruler.
Edict of Milan
Proclaimed official tolerance of Christianity.
Gladiator who led a massive slave revolt.
Fought between Rome and Carthage.
Roman government official reponsible for executing Jesus.
The anticipated savior (redeemer) of the Jews.
General who recruited the poor for soldiers and promised them land if they swore allegiance to him.
Triumvirate that included Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus.
Title of the leader of the Roman Catholic Church.
Roman soldiers got this for 25 years of enlistment.
Where Romans would watch chariot races.
Where Romans would watch gladiator fights.
Group that attacked Rome from Asia.
Roman doctor and author medical books.
Most important contribution made of Roman architects.
Until the 1960s, Roman masses were held in (language)
To refuse to approve.
Money paid for the damages of war.
checks and balances
Division of power that prevents any part of government from becoming to powerful.