English definitions (Burton)

Created by ellenheath 

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Alliteration

the beginning of word sounds alike

Allusion

reference to an outside work of art

Assonance

repeating of vowel sounds in words that do not rhyme

Audience

people listening/reading the poem

Ballad

narrative poem told in verses- usually a song

Concrete

a poem that is in a shape of something

Consonance

repeating of consonant sounds within and at the end of words

Couplet

two rhyming words together

End rhyme

the end word of a line rhymes with the end word of the next line

Figurative Language

help the readers visualize what the writer is thinking (metaphors, similes, onomatopoeia)

Free verse

a poem that has no rules

hyperbole

an extremely exaggerated statement not meant to be taken literally
Ex. My boyfriend left me, so I cried a river.

iamb

an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

iambic pentameter

5 iambs

Imagery

creates a mental picture for the reader that activates the auditory, tactile, visual, olfactory, and gustatory senses

Auditory

imagery that appeals to hearing

Tactile

imagery that appeals to the touch

Visual

imagery that appeals to the eyes

Olfactory

imagery that appeals to the nose

Gustatory

imagery that appeals to the mouth

Irony

something that is unexpected

Metaphor

comparing two unlike things WITHOUT using the words like or as

Meter

the measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems; stressed and unstressed syllables

Mood

the feeling that the author wants you to feel as you read the poem

Narrative poetry

when a story is being told

Onomatopoeia

sound of the word
Ex. Buzz

Personification

when a non-human animal or object possesses human-like qualities

Quatrain

four lines of poetry that are unified by rhyme

Refrain

parts that are repeated; usually in a song or ballad

Repetition

a sound, word, phrase, or line that is repeated

Rhythm

the beat or pace of the poem; adds to the musical sounds of the poem

Rhyme

a repetition of similar sounds in two or more words or at the end of lines

Rhyme Scheme

a regular pattern of rhyme; rhyming words at the end of a line

Simile

when you compare two unlike things using the words like or as

Sonnet

a 14-line lyric poem written with a strict pattern of rhyme and rhythm

Stanza

a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse; often repeated

Stress (syllables)

which part of the word we place more emphasis on

tone

the writer's attitude toward the material/ subject

Verse

stanza; a section of poetry or song

Exposition

introduces the setting and characters and establishes a mood- may reveal the conflict

Rising Action

conflicts arise as the main character struggles to resolve the conflict

Climax

a turning point in the story and the moment of greatest suspense

Falling Action

the results of the decision or action that happened in the climax

Resolution

reveals the final outcome of the story and ties up any loose ends

Conflict

struggle between opposing forces

Round Characters

highly developed characters

Flat characters

one-sided characters plain

Dynamic characters

characters that change and develop as the plot develops

Static characters

characters who remain the same

First person point of view

the narrator that is the main character in the story- refers to himself/herself

Third-person Limited

the narrator is NOT a character in the story; an outside observer- talks about the thoughts and feelings of one character

Third-person Omniscient

the narrator is not a character in the story and is "all knowing" (access to the thoughts and feeling of all characters)

Protagonist

at the center of tragedy, the main character, usually the hero

Antagonist

the opponent to the protagonist/ main character, usually the "bad guy"

organic poetry

a poem with no rules, like a free verse; more natural

prose

writing that is not poetry

traditional poetry

a set format of the poem

ballad

narrative poetry; meant to be sung

Complication

messes things up in the story, turns everything around

Context

the setting of the story

Third-person Objective

the narrator is separate from all the minds of all the characters; has an overview of all the actions

Man vs. Man

conflict with another character

Man vs. Nature

a character who has conflict with nature

Man vs. Society

a character has conflict or does not agree with the government or society

Man vs. Self

a character has conflict within him/herself; usually over a decision

Symbolism

an object or symbol representing a meaning or something more than it actually is

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