the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
God of Islam
the religion of Muslims collectively which governs their civilization and way of life
a believer or follower of Islam
Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina in A. D. 622; this event marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar
islamic place of worship
the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
The holy book of Islam.
An Islamic model for living based on the life and teaching of Muhammad
a set of practical laws to regulate the daily lives of Muslims.
The civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth
Members of the Sunni dynasty of caliphs that ruled a Muslim empire from 661 to 750
Branch of Islma whose members acknowedge Ali and his descendents as the rightful successors of Muhammad
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
A Muslim who seeks to achieve direct contact with God through mystical means
A dynasty that ruled much of the Muslim Empire from 750 to about 1250.
A Muslim-ruled region in what is now Spain, established by the Berbers in the eighth century A.D.
After the Abbasids ended their reign, this caliphate was formed by Shi'a Muslims who claimed to decend from Muhammad's daughter, Fatima.
house of wisdom
Combination library, academy, and translation center in Baghdad established in the 800s
The art of fine handwriting