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Parts of G and Parts of H

Africa, Asia, and Europe

The middle east stands at the crossroads of what of three continents?

Egypt

Operates the Suez Canal

1/5

How much of the world's people are Muslim?

Kaaba

A sacred shrine that housed hte images of the many rab gods, and included the sacred Black Stone, a meteorite that the arabs believe was sent from heaven.

Many Gods

The arabs didn't like Muhammad because they believed in ___ __, unlike muhammad.

City of the Prophet

What does Medina mean?

Five Pillars of Islam

What are the Islamic people's five duties called?

Hajj

Pilgrimage to Mecca

Jihad

Struggle in God's service

Monotheistic

Belief in One God

United, Beliefs

One reason Islam expanded so swiftly is because the arab armies were ___ by their ___, because Islam taught that Muslim warriors who died in service of Islam would win a place in paradise.

Persian And Byzantine

What 2 empires looks at the Arabs as liberators?

nonbeliever tax

What was the name of the tax that jews+christians had to pay? (A big reason why they converted to Islam)

Caliph

Successor to the Prophet

Ali

the fourth caliph, muhammad's cousin and son-in-law.

Umayyad

What empire was set up because a rival leader claimed the office oc aliph?

Shiites

Followers of Ali, that claimed only descendates of Ali could become caliphs.

Sunni

Belived that any devout Muslim could become a caliph.

Arab Culture

The umayyad dynasty emphazied ___ ____.

Arabs

In the Umayyad dynasty, all the highest jobs and the army went to ___.

750

The year that the Abassid Dynasty was created.

Shiites

The Umayyad dynasty ended because the __ and other discontented groups thought that being a Muslim was more important than being an Arab.

God-given

Baghdad literally means this.

Hospitals, public baths, schools, and libraries

The Abbassid empire built these.

Seljuks

Turkish speaking people that had converted to Islam in Central Asia before migrating to the Iranian Plateau.

1058

The year the Seljuks seized Baghdad.

Mongols

The empire that took over the Abbasids.

Hulagu

The grandos of Genghiz Khan, that captured the capital of the Seljuks from them.

International Trade

What was the biggest thing the Mongols inspired?

1095

The year Pope Urban II called for a crusade

Crusade

A holy war

1096

The year of the first crusade.

Western Europe, Islamic

The crusadess had a limited effect on the Middle East because the civilization of ___ _____ was less advanced than that of the ______.

1187

The year the Christians were drove out of Jerusalem.

Saladin

The great Muslim military leader that recaptured Jerusalem, he dealt fairly with the Christians and jews there.

Villages

Most people in the middle eeast lived in small ___.

Nomads

People that travel from one place to another.

Bedouins

Desert Nomads, literally meaining "People of the tent".

Suq

Marketplace

1869

The year the suez canal opened

Ferdinand de Lesseps

The architect for the Suez Canal

Ottoman Empire

Called "the sick man of Europe"

Young Turks

a revolutionary group of young army officers

Germany

In WWI, the ottoman empire sided with ____.

Mandate

A territory that was administered but not owned by a member of the League of Nations.

Mustafa Kemal

The general that rallied Turkish resistance to the greek addvance.

Muhammad Ali

an Albanian soldier who had fought against the French, who became governor of Egypt in 1805.

Palestine

The center of conflict between Jews and Arabs.

Zionism

The movement of Jews to re-establish a home in Palestine

anti-Semitism

Hatred and fear of Jews

Theodor Herzl

Formed an oginazation to promote Zionism.

1258

The year the mongols came to power.

1453

The year the ottomans came to power.

1917

The year the ottoman empire fell.

Istanbul

The capital for the Ottomans

Baghdad

Capital for the Mongols

Baghdad

Capital for the Abbasids

Baghdad

Capital for the Crusaders

Baghdad

Capital for the Seljuk Turks

Damascus

The capital for the Umayyads

Oasis

Water spot in desert

Millet

Non-muslim community

Mosque

Muslim place of Prayer

Diaspora

Settling of Jews out of Palestine

Pope

Christian Head

Balfour Declaration

Declaration to re-establish the Jews a home in Palestine

Ramadan

The month that all muslims must fast

Quraysh

Muhammad's tribe

Martyr

A person who dies for his/her beliefs

Recitation

Qu'ran literally means this.

Abu Bakar

1st caliph after Muhammad

Muammar Gaddafi

Dictator of Libya

North Atlantic Treaty Orginazation

NATO stands for...

1949

NATO was founded in.....

1947

The year that the UN partioned Palestine into 2 states.

1.2 billion

How many muslims are their worldwide?

18%

What percent of the Muslims live in the Arab world?

Indonesia

The world' largest single Muslim community is here.

Minaret

The tower outside the mosque to call people to prayer.

Southwest Asia

What term do people often call the Middle east?

Africa, Asia, and Europe

The Middle east stands at the crossroads of what three continents?

Sea Routes

Middle Eastern nations command vital __ ___.

Strategic Important

important to the world for military and economic reasons

Egypt

This country operates the Suez Canal

Mediterranean and Red

What 2 seas does the Suez Canal Link

Arabian Peninsula, Fertile Crescent,Maghreb, Nile Valley, Northern Tier,

What are the 5 main physical regions of the Middle East? (alphabetical)

Turkey and Iran

The Northern Tier stretches across ___ and ___.

Anatolian Plateau

In the west of the Northern Tier is the ___ ___.

Iranian Plateau

In the east of the Northern Tier is the ___.

Anatolian

Which one of the two plateaus in the Northern Tier has a huge population due to fertile grounds and water?

1/3

The Arabian Peninsula is about ___ the size of the US.

Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf

What 3 main bodies of water is the Arabian Peninsula?

Saudi Arabia

The largest nation in the Arabian Peninsula

Oasis

Fertile Desert Area that has enough water to support plant and animal life

Oil

Why is the arabian peninsula so important?

Islam

What religion was found in the Arab Peninsula?

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