Impersonal, focused on the diagnostic condition, guiding theory, evidence from research or what tipically happens with clients like the one being considered
Uses both personal and impersonal information. Therapists attempt to explain why the client is experiencing problems using a blend of science-based and client-based information
Characterized by therapist using therapy regimes or routines thought to be effective with problems identified and that are typically used with clients in that setting. Tends to be more impersonal and diagnostically driven.
Personal, focused on the client, including past, present, and anticipated future. Involves an appreciation of client culture as the basis for understanding client narrative. Relates to the "so what" of the condition for the person's life.
Generally not focused on client or client's condition, but rather on all physical and social "stuff" that surrounds the therapy encounter, as well as the therapist's internal sense of what he or she is capable of and has the time and energy to complete
Tension is often evident as therapist attempts to determine what is the "right" thing to do, particularly when faced with dilemmas in therapy, competing principles, risks, and benefits
Therapist is concerned with what client likes or does not like. Use of praise, empathetic comments, and nonverbal behaviors to encourage and support client's cooperation.
Typically found with more experienced therapists who can "see" multiple futures, based on therapists past experiences and current information.