When did an interest in historical music, exemplified by the establishment of a permanent classical repertoire and the creation of academic fields to study it, become evident?
The mid-nineteenth century
Composers such as Wagner and Liszt saw the legacy of the following composer as providing a break in historical traditions by pointing towards a new direction in composition that combined music with words or a program
Ludwig van Beethoven
In German-speaking lands, the dispute between tradition and innovation and between absolute and program music was polarized around the following two composers
Brahms and Wagner
How many symphonies did Brahms compose?
Brahm's Symphony No. 1 is primarily indebted to the music of
What older form does Brahms use in the finale of his Symphony No. 4 that can be seen as an influence of J.S. Bach?
An orchestral work in one movement with a literary or other program is called
a symphonic poem
Who would not be considered a member of the New German School
The term "New German School" was coined by music critic
The following critic argued that music should be understood and appreciated on its own terms rather than for its ties to anything outside music
This was composed by Richard Strauss
This was composed by Franz Liszt
This was composed by Johannes Brahms
This was composed by Gustav Mahler
The technique used by Liszt to unify Les Preludes is called
This composer taught at the Conservatory in Vienna and had famous students, such as composers Gustav Mahler and Arnold Schonberg, and theorist Heinrich Schenker. His religious works are strongly influenced by Cecilianism.
Of the following, which describes the Lieder by Wold?
Equality of words and music
Also Sprach Zarathustra, Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks, and Elektra are works by
Which of the following statements characterizes Mahler's orchestration?
His symphonies require large orchestras, but there are many passages of light orchestration.
Franck inaugurated a new style of music for the
Gabriel Faure is usually associated with which movement
the French Tradition
Who is considered to be the founder of modern French Chamber music?
Borodin's country of origin
Grieg's country of origin
Elgar's country of origin
Smetana's country of origin
Which country avoided developing a national style in the late nineteenth century?
Which work by Musorgsky was originally written for piano and was late orchestrated by Ravel?
Pictures at an Exhibition
Which of the following works is a four movement symphonic suite by Rimsky-Korsakov based on stories from the 101 Arabian Nights?
Which of the following works is not a nationalist composition from Bohemia
Of the follow, which is a new genre, symphony with voices by Mahler?
Das Lied von der Erde
Of the follow, which was not a source of inspiration for Debussy?
English folk music.
In what way does Debussy's harmonic style differ from that of Wagner?
The urgency to resolve is absent.
Ralph Vaughan Williams composed this work
Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis
Maurice Ravel composed this work.
Le tombeau de Couperin
Gustav Holst composed this work
Manuel de Falla composed this work.
El amor brujo
Sibelius composed this work.
Scriabin modeled his first piano pieces on the music of
What characterizes the music of Erik Satie?
Wit and defiance of conventional ideas
Brahm's method of continuously building on germinal ideas was coined "developing variation" by:
The following composer referred to his orchestral works as "symphonic poems"
The following composer is best known for his adaptation of Wagner's concept of the collective artwork into the German lied
Richard Strauss preferred the following term for his orchestral compositions
The following composer is not included in the group of composers known as the Russian Five
According to Dvorak, a truly American national music should be inspired by
folk traditions of all American people
The following composer is often grouped with Debussy as an impressionist
The following Czech composer devised a nationalistic style based on the rhythms and inflections of the peasant speech and song of his native region of Moravia
Which of the following best describes Sergei Rachmaninov's music?
It combined new and innovative musical elements within traditional harmonies and form.
The following composer illustrates a break from accepted musical conventions in his last five piano sonatas, in which he dispenses with conventional tonal harmony
The following Satie composition is based on a scenario by Cocteau and includes choreography by Massine and scenery and costumes by Pablo Picasso.
In what styles were the early works of Schoenberg written
Of the following works, which was created with twelve-tone technique
The vocal technique used in Pierrot lunaire is called
Stravinsky was commissioned to compose his first ballet music by
Poem of Ecstasy and Prometheus are works by
Prometheus chord, Electra chord and Petrushka chord are all
Schoenberg's Verklarte Nacht belongs to the
Late Romantic period
Schoenberg's Erwartung belongs to the
Schoenberg's Pierrot Lunaire belongs to the
The appearance of all twelve pitch-classes within a segment of music is referred to as
The following of Schoenberg's compositions employed Sprechstimme, a type of vocal delivery that blends the traditional notions of song and melodrama:
The following Stravinsky ballet shocked audiences and caused a riot at its 1913 premiere
The Rite of Spring
The Rite of Spring is influenced by the following art movement
He wrote 24 preludes in every major and minor key and Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini for piano and orchestra
By the end of the nineteenth century, the standard orchestra had as many as
What did Berlioz call the recurring theme used in his Symphonie fantastique?
Symphony by Berlioz
Harold en Italie
Symphony by Schubert
Symphony by Mendelssohn
Which composer used themes from his own Lieder in his chamber music?
The Cecilian movement was
A movement that advocated the return to a cappella performances in the style of Palestrina
What was not a trend in the early nineteenth century?
Choirs were increasingly made up of professional singers only
Of the following, which is a characteristic of nineteenth-century orchestras?
Changes to wind instruments gave them wider ranges and greater facility
Treatise on Instrumentation and Orchestration, often considered the bible on nineteenth-century orchestration, was written by
The following composition, subtitled "Episode in the Life of an Artist" was accompanied during performance with an autobiographical program
Which of the following does not describe the Violin Concerto by Mendelssohn?
The first movement begins with a lengthy ritornello.
Schubert's quintet in C Major, the late chamber-music masterpiece, is composed for string quartet and what additional instrument?
Te Deum, Requiem, La damnation de Faust are large choral works by
He conducted parts of Bach's St. Matthew Passion in Berlin in 1829, beginning the 'Bach Revival"
The following year is considered Robert Schumann's "symphony year"
The most famous and important opera composer in Europe throughout 1820s was
This composer led one of the most renowned orchestras in Europe in the 19th century, the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig
The typical scene structure of a Rossini opera is
introduction - recit - cantabile - cabaletta
Of the following, which describes the aria style of Rossini?
Spare use of the orchestra
The main composers of Italian opera up until 1840 were
Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti
A Midsummer Night's Dream by Mendelssohn is an example of a
This composer created German Romantic opera
His operatic style, specifically arias, influenced Chopin's nocturnes
He composed Norma
He composed Lucia di Lammermoor
He composed Guillaume Tell
He composed Les Huguenots
Schumann modeled the overall structure of his fourth symphony - all four movements are presented in one uninterrupted flow -- on
Schubert's Wander Fantasy
One of the following is not true for grand opera
it did not have chorus
The following librettist is credited with creating the mix of formality, spectacle, and historical, political, or religious themes that define grand opera
An oratorio by Mendelssohn
His early string quartets are influenced by Haydn and Mozart and his later quartets, with polyphonic texture, are modeled on J.S. Bach. He also promoted the view that string quartets should resemble a four-way conversation. This composer is
The most famous lyric opera, as well as the most frequently performed opera in the last third of the nineteenth century, was
Jacques Offenbach is associated most closely with which type of opera
Gounod's Faust is which type of opera?
Bizet's most famous opera was
One of the following is not an opera by Verdi
Of the following, which is not a characteristic of Verdi's late operas
Spoken dialogue for the most intense scenes
Viva Verdi was
a nationalistic cry referring to the king of italy
One of the earliest tragic opera to be set in the present rather than the historical past was verdi's
Va pensiero, a chorus from the following Verdi opera, became an emblem of Italian opposition to foreign oppression
Verismo is associated with the operas of which country
The model for Verismo operas was
One of the following is not characteristic for verismo operas
the plots are drawn from medieval history, legends, or fairy tales
One of the following is not a Puccini opera
Giselle by Adam and Copelia by Delibes belong to the genre of
Musical characteristics of early German romantic opera do not include
Extensive ballet scenes
The following opera, often credited with establishing German Romantic Opera, is unique because it places ordinary people center stage singing about their concerns, fears, and loves
The role of the orchestra in the 19th century German opera is best described as
equal: harmony and orchestral timbre are employed for dramatic expression, which enhances the libretto
For Richard Wagner, the function of music was to
serve dramatic expression
Wagner's term for the union of all the arts in a drama is
The following is not a work by Wagner
Treatise on Instrumentation and Orchestration
Of the following, which characterizes the librettos of Wagner's operas?
They were created by Wagner
Wagner's Tristan und Isolde was influential because
it used ambiguous harmony that stretched the limits of tonality
Wagner saw himself as the true successor of
Wagner referred to reoccuring themes associated with specific characters, things, events, or emotions as the work's
One of the following Wagner works is not a part of the Ring cycle
The Tristan chord is spelled as follows
Wagner contributed to the new construction of the following instrument in order to get a specific tone color for specific effects in his music dramas
The following opera illustrates the 19th century fascination with exoticism by its inclusion of three "authentic" Spanish melodies.
The first opera in Russia was done in 1731 by
an Italian troupe
He composed The Life of the Tsar and Russlan and Ludmilla
The Mighty Five were
a group of Russian composers who studied folk music and exotic scales
He composed Eugene Onegin and The queen of Spades
The following composer was the leader and an informal teacher to others in the circle.
He wrote Prince Igor
He wrote Boris Godunov
He used octatonic and whole tone scales
He built operatic scenes in harmonic ostinato blocks, used the melody of folk songs and Russian speech as a model for his melodic lines, and based his major opera on literary realism style
The first modern conservatory of music was founded in
While in Vienna, Beethoven studied with
Of the following, which was not a way that Beethoven earned a living during his first creative period?
taking opera commissions
Which of the following belongs to Beethovens first creative period?
Beethoven's first symphony premiered in
The first movement of Beethoven's Op. 12 is unusual for a sonata because
it begins with a slow introduction
Which of the following can be said of Beethoven's Fidelio?
It is a rescue opera
A song cycle from Beethoven's late period
An die ferne Geliebte
The nickname for Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5
The nickname for Beethoven's Symphony No. 6
The nickname for Beethoven's Symphony No. 3
When Beethoven realized that he was going deaf, he wrote
The Heiligenstadt Testament
The following work, composed in 1803-4, exemplifies Beethoven's new compositional approach during his middle period
Symphony N3 in E-flat Major
Beethoven dedicated his Opus 59 string quartets to
Which composer's works served as models for Beethoven's Missa solemnis?
Of the following, which is unusual about the 9th symphony
the use of a chorus
Of the following, which is not a theme of Romanticism
The piano parts of Schubert's Lieder are notable for their
pictorial and dramatic roles
a song cycle by Schumann
Robert Schumann wrote
essays and reviews about music
The following composer introduced the concept of a song cycle in which all songs are performed in order as movements of a larger vocal work
A group of Lieder designed to be performed as a set is called a
Of the following, which was the major piano genre for Schubert
Lieder ohne Worte were composed by
Chopin composed piano works inspired by the folk music of which country
Which of the following genre did not find a place in Chopin's output
Lieder ohne Worte
The dazzling violin virtuoso who influenced Liszt was
Which of the following is a major collection of piano pieces by Robert Schumann?
Who were Florestan and Eusebius
Fictitious characters who represented aspects of Schumann's personality
Who created and first used the term recital
The following composer lived in Vienna his whole life and wrote more than 600 lieder, many of which were performed by friends in home concerts
The following composer and music critic founded and served as the editor of the Leipzig Neue Zeitschrift fur Music
The following composer wrote over 120 songs in 1840, which he/she referred to as his "year of song"
The following composer wrote almost exclusively for piano
The following composers' Seven Character pieces, published in 1827, helped to introduce the term and define the genre
The majority of Robert Schumann's keyboard compositions are
The concert etude is credited to
The composer's Sonata in B-minor contains a famous funeral march
He composed 'The Erlkonig'
The composers Sonata in B-minor is considered to have a "double function form" meaning that it can be understood as a sonata cycle and a sonata form
He composed Hungarian Rhapsodies
He composed "Gretchen am Spinnrade"
He composed The Wanderer Fantasy
One distinct harmonic practice by Schubert that influenced later composers, most notably Liszt, was
modulation by thirds
"Rondo Capriccioso" is a piano composition by
Tempo Rubato is a stylistic characteristic introduced by this composer
He was influenced by Chopin and Paganini
This composer was an influential music teacher who did not charge for his lessons; his students include Hans von Bullow, Carl Tausig, Franz Bendel
Folk tunes, fast and slow sections, and the "Gypsy scale" can be heard in this piano collection
Papillons (Butterflies) is a set of character pieces composed by