interaction between trained therapist and a person seeking to overcome a psychological disorder or achieve personal growth
psychology's major theories
psychoanalytic, humanistic, behavioral
Sigmund Freud; Through free association and dream analysis, uncover repressed thoughts, memories, and feelings, and bring them into conscious awareness to help patient to take responsibility for their own growth.
emphasize people's inherent potential for self-fulfillment; goal to boost self-fulfillment by helping people grow in self-awareness
a humanistic approach created by Carl Rogers which involves active listening
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
behavior techniques that treats anxiety by exposing people (in imagination or reality) to the things they fear and avoid.
a behavioral technique that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior. ex. antabuse
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats.
therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and emotional reactions
an integrative therapy that aims to alter the way people think (cognitive therapy) and the way they act (behavior therapy).
a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies
evidence based practice
clinical decision making that integrates the best available evidence with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences
drugs used for therapy
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor, some effectiveness
a treatment for depression that does not respond to drug therapy.
the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.
Therapeutic lifestyle changes
aerobic exercise, adequate sleep, light exposure, social connection, nutritional supplements