that group of quiet honest hard-working middle class Americans who do their job, respect their country and support gov.; Nixon wants their votes in 1968 and 1972
a period of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation)
Organization of Oil Exporting
a policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities
a political scandal involving abuse of power and bribery and obstruction of justice
Twenty-fifth Amendment (1967)
president appoints new VP
Disability of a president allows vp and majority to deem presidnet unable to fulfill his duties
Twenty-sixth Amendment (1971)
lowered the voting age from 21 to 18
38th President of the United States
39th President of the United States (1924-)
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)
Banned the use of race-based quotas for college admissions but allowed race to be considered as a fairly weighed element in the selection process.
In a confused set of rival opinions, the decisive vote was cast by Justice Powell, who said that a quotalike ban on Bakke's admission was unconstitutional but that "diversity" was a legitimate goal that could be pursued by taking race into account.
the basic rights to which all people are entitled as human beings
the second treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
Panama Canal Zone
a zone consisting of a strip of land across the Isthmus of Panama that contains the Panama Canal
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
Shah of Iran
title for the former hereditary monarch of Iran
Iranian religious leader of the Shiites
Iran Hostage Crisis
In November 1979, revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage. The Carter administration tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for the hostages release. On January 20, 1981, the day Carter left office, Iran released the Americans, ending their 444 days in captivity.
1964; Republican contender against LBJ for presidency; platform included lessening federal involvement, therefore opposing Civil Rights Act of 1964; lost by largest margin in history
political organization of the United States which had an agenda of evangelical Christian-oriented political lobbying. Formed by Jerry Falwell. Organization made up of conservative Christian political action committees which campaigned on issues its personnel believed were important to maintaining its Christian conception of moral law. This group pressured for legislation that would ban abortion and ban the states' acceptance of homosexuality.
40th President of the United States (1911-)
An economic philosophy that holds the sharply cutting taxes will increase the incentive people have to work, save, and invest. Greater investments will lead to more jobs, a more productive economy, and more tax revenues for the government.
the act of freeing from regulation (especially from governmental regulations)
an excess of expenditures over revenues
the debt of the national government (as distinguished from the debts of individuals and businesses and political subdivisions)
Sandra Day O'Connor
first woman supreme court justice. appointed by Reagan
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
a syndrome caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that renders immune cells ineffective, permitting opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurologic diseases to develop; transmitted sexually or through contaminated blood
Tear Down This Wall Speech
was the challenge from United States President Ronald Reagan to Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to destroy the Berlin Wall. In a speech at the Brandenburg Gate commemorating the 750th anniversary of Berlin, by the Berlin Wall on June 12, 1987, Reagan challenged Gorbachev, then the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to tear it down as a symbol of Reagan's desire for increasing freedom in the Eastern Bloc.
Space Defense Initiative
NASA space suit, carbon fiber planes
Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. The Sandinistas lost national elections in 1990
counterrevolutionary group in Nicaragua that opposed the Sandinistas
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)
a policy of the Soviet government allowing freer discussion of social problems
an economic policy adopted in the former Soviet Union
(RR) Americans kidnapped in Beirut by Iranian govt, so deal, scandal including arms sales to the Middle East in order to send money to help the Contras in Nicaragua even though Congress had objected, Poindexter and North involved
George H. W. Bush
41st U.S. President. 1989-1993. Republican
Iraqi leader who waged war against Iran
United States general who was the first Black to serve as Chief of Staff
Operation Desert Storm
the United States and its allies defeated Iraq in a ground war that lasted 100 hours (1991)
banned congress from raising its members salaries until after the next election
growth to a global or worldwide scale
An organization that manufactures and markets products in many different countries and has multinational stock ownership and multinational management
where the majority of people earn their living by providing a service rather than manufacturing a product
H. Ross Perot
b. 1930. Billionaire Texas businessman, best remembered for running for President in 1992 and 1996 under Independent Party banner.
42nd President of the United States (1946-)
Family Medical Leave Act of 1994
Both father and mother have 12 weeks in any twelve month period when a baby is born or adopted
Gingrich was the Republican speaker in the House. He pushed for more conservative legislation during Clinton's presidency.
Contract with America
(WJC)Gingrich, President can delete specific items passed by the Congress, proposed constitutional amendment to limit the term of office was ignore, imposed federal mandates on states without providing the money
a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Created to allow the free movement of goods between Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. by lessening and eliminating tariffs
Islamist terrorist organization that launched a series of attacks against U.S.
Presidential Election of 2000
election held in some states in which voters select the presidential candidates they want their party's delegates to the national convention to nominate as the national party's candidate for president
Bush v. Gore
this case ruled in favor of Bush by saying that recounting the votes in certain counties of Florida was unconstitutional because of equal protection of the law; Gore's wish to make the process as simple and painless as possible backfired
George W. Bush
43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001
No Child Left behind Act
Federal law enacted in January 2002 that introduced new accountability measures for elementary and secondary schools in all states that wish to receive federal aid.
September 11th Attacks
a mountainous landlocked country in central Asia
Operation Iraqi Freedom
an invasion led by the United States in 2003 to stop the development of nuclear waepons by Iraq
This law passed after 9/11 expanded the tools used to fight terrorism and improved communication between law enforcement and intelligence agencies
a fundamentalist Islamic militia