Greeks and Persians
Who fought the Persian War?
What caused the Persian War?
Marathon, Salamis, Plataea, and Thermopylae
Name the battles of the Persian Wars.
Thermopylae because of traitor
Which battle did the Greeks lose and why?
After what battle did Xerxes abandon his troops?
When did the Persian War begin?
When did the Persian War end?
Spartans and Athens worked together for the first time
What happened for the first and only time at the battle of Thermopylae?
lost the Persian war; fighting in the government; internal problems; rebellingsubjects, taxes
What are the reasons for the fall of the Persians?
concept of freedom
Wat was the greatest achievement to come from Athens?
What group of people brought terror to everyone and attacked Athens?
a messenger who ran 26.3 miles
Who was Phidippides and what heroic thing did he do?
he died after telling them they had the victory
what happened to Phidippides after he got to Athens?
What does the word "Nike" mean?
Cyrus the Great
Who united the Persian empire?
Babylon,Northern Mesopotamia,Asia Minor, Syria, Canaan, and Phoenician cities
What other countries did the Persians conquer?
treat his new subjects well; let the Jews return home
What was unusual about the way Cyrus treated conquered people?
as large as the United States
How large was the Persian empire under Cyrus' rule?
divided the kingdom into 20 provinces called Satrapies.
What did King Darius do to keep control of the large empire?
chief of police; judge; tax collector; in the army
What was the job of each satrap?
Persian solders were bigger, harder, and stronger than the Greeks
How were Persian soldiers and Greek soldiers different?
They were called "Immortals" and if one of them died, they were replaced immediately.
What were the king's guards called and what was unique about the army?
What religion were the Persians?
It was the first religion that believed in one God and recognized evil in the world
What was the view taught in the belief of Zoroastrianism?
How many Spartans fought the Battle of Thermopylae?
What were the Persian fighting elite called?
Who said, "Tonight we shall dine in Hades" and what did he mean by it?
They would cover the sun so we will fight in the shade
What did the Spartans say about the arrows the Persians would use?
How may Spartans died in the Battle of Thermopylae?
How many Persians died in the Battle of Thermopylae?
cut off his head and put it on a pole
How did Xerxes treat the Spartan king's body?
How did the Spartans identify those lost in battle?
Each was ruled by an official with the title of Satrap.
A "protector" of the kingdom
The Persian religion