A repetitive act of a group performed to an extent that it becomes characteristic of that group
traditionally practiced primarily by a small, homogeneous groups living in isolated rural settings
A repetitive act that a particular individual performs
Found in a large, heterogeneous societies that share certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics
restrictions on behavior imposed by social custom
the combination of French and English Language
written languages that represent ideas or concepts rather than specific pronunciations
a word usage boundary drawn on the geographic landscape
British Received Pronunciation (BRP)
the recognized standard form of British speech
a language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
a regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
A distinct dialect in the English language.
A way that many blacks in America have preserved their linguistic heritage.
Is a combination of ebony and phonics.
languages that are no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the world
a language unrealated to any other and therefore not attached to any language family
they arise from the lack of interaction with speakers of other languages
a system of communication through speech
a collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed before recorded history
a collection of languages within branches that share a common origin in the relatively recent past
a language of international communication
a system of written communication
the designated and recognized language of a country.
would be used in government and government documents
a simplified form of a lingua franca
created by the English language diffusing into the Spanish language
term widely used to describe a small geographic are that couldn't successfully be organized into 1 or more stable states b/c it was inhabited by many ethnicites w/ complex & long-standing antagonisms toward each other
a tactic used by real estates agents in the U.S. by which they would scare white families into selling their homes for low prices by convincing them that black families were moving into the neighborhood & would cause house values to decline.
the agents would then sell the home @ a higher price to the black family, looking to move out of lower income areas.
an attitude that tends to unify people & enhance support for the state
the process by which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful 1 in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
the purpose is to rid the entire area of different ethnic groups
identity w/ a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland of hearth
a state in which many ethnicites all contribute cultural features to the formation of a single hearth
states which contain 2 ethnic groups w/ traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities
promotes a sense of national consciousness that exalts 1 nation above all others
the identity w/ a group of people who share a legal attachment & personal allegiance to a particular country
a territory which corresponds to a particular ethnicity, or people group
identify of a person w/ a group of people who share a biological ancestor
the belief that race is a primary determinant of human traits and capacities & that racial difference produce an inherent superiority of a particular race
a person who subscribes to the beliefs of racsim
the concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
someone who works in fields rented from a landowner & pays the rent by turning over the landowner a share of the crops
triangular slave trade
term used to describe the slave exchange from West Africa to North America during the colonial period of North America
the recognized form of the proper dialect of a language
this dialect is most widely recognized & well established as most acceptable for gov't, business, education, & mass communication
spoken by the people of the Roman provinces during the age of the Roman Empire
not proper Latin
a belief that inanimate objects (stones, plants, etc.) contain spirits & conscious life
can be found primarily in African and Native American religions
a religious group which is self sufficient, meaning their interaction with other religions communities is confided to little more than loose cooperation & shared ideas.
Islam & Protestant denominations can be good examples
a large & fundamental division w/in a religion
the social structure or class system & distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu has been assigned, according to religious law.
this determines every aspect of a person's life (work, marriage, table partners, etc.)
a set of beliefs concerning the origin of the universe
a division of a branch that united a number of local congregations
the basic unit of area administered by the Roman Catholic Church
It was overseen by a bishop
appeals primarily to 1 group of people living in one place will not seek converts
the literal interpretation & strict adherence to basic principles of a religion
historically, the part of European city where Jewish people were forced to livc
a religion that has a well defined geographic structure that organizes territory into local administrative units
people who carried the message of Jesus Christ along the Roman Empire's protected sea routes & excellent road netowrks
today, the member of any religion whose purpoes is to gain converts to their religion
the belief in one God
the word for the follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times
a religious journey, typically to the holy site of a religion
the belief in multiple gods
a relatively small group the has broken away from an established denomination
a day of religious significance in some ethnic religiouns b/c of its relationship to nature, the sun, and the moon
attempt to be a global religion, appealing to all people.
will seek converts
the physical separation of different racial groups into different geographic areas
most prominently practiced in the country of South Africa
the process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among ethnicites