son of Marcus Aurelius; chosen to lead the empire after Aurelius.
Why was Commodus a poor ruler?
1. Violent; performed as a gladiator
2. Loved spending money on himself
3. hated governing and did as little as he could
How did Commodus die?
killed by his bodyguard
to sell off
What caused the powerful Roman army to become weaker as a fighting force?
Romans refused to serve it it and they had to hire mercenaries to serve
The mercenaries were not loyal to the Roman Empire
What reforms did Diocletian introduce when he took power?
1. He divided the empire into 2 parts and had a "co-emperor" help him control them
2. He added more co-emperors to rule sections of the empire to maintain better control
What effect did Constantine's reign have on the Roman Empire?
He helped to unite them again.
old Greek city renamed Constantinople that became the center of the Byzantine Empire.
What happened after Constantine's death?
The empire was split in two. The weaker one was in the west with Rome as the capital. The stronger one was in the east with Constantinople as the capital.
What was the most important difference between the Byzantine Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church?
The Byzantine church claimed the emperor was the head of the church. The emperor claimed to rule in the name of Jesus.
The Roman Catholic Church claimed the pope had authority over all Christians, including the emperor.
leader of the Roman church
What happened in the final days of Rome?
The Visigoths attacked and pillaged the city. They stole what they could and burned the rest. Eventually, the Vandals captured Rome.
someone who destroys property
last emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
How old was Romulus Augustus when he ruled?
12 or 13
Why did Constantinople become the center of Roman power?
Rome declined and the Byzantine Empire became even more prosperous. When Rome fell, Constantinople became the center of Roman power.