Lieterary Terms for Grammar

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the literary terms like on the test

allegory

a story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or generalization about life and often has a moral or lesson

alliteration

the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or accented syllables

allusion

a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art

anecdote

a little story about an interesting, amuzing, or strange event, the purpose of whichis to entertain or make a point

analogy

a comparison of two different things

anaphora

the repof words and phrases so thata pattern is created for effect

antagonist

a character or force in conflict with a main character, or protagonist

antithesis

the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure

archetype

A symbol, story pattern, or character type that is found in the literature of many cultures. Example: Children of opposite qualities born of the same parents

assonance

the repetition of vowel sounds

autobiography

a biography of yourself

climax

the highest point of anything conceived of as growing or developing or unfolding

connotation

all the emotions associated with a word that help to give that word its current meaning

denotation

a dictionary definition of a word

denouement

outcome; unraveling of the plot of a play or work of literature

dialect

a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group

diction

a writer's or speaker's choice of words

didactic literature

instructs or presents a moral or religious statement

exposition

the beginning introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation

fable

a short story told to teach a lesson

falling action

the cation that follows the climax leading downwards

foil

a character who serves as a contrast or challenge to another character

foreshadowing

the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot

genre

a category of literature

heroic couplet

a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style

hyperbole

extravagant exaggeration

hubris

greek word "hybris" meaning excessive pride leading to downfall

irony

a trope that involves incongruity between what is expected and what occurs

dramatic irony

irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play

irony of situation

this refers to a happening that is the opposite of what is expected or intended.

verbal irony

occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought 9 meant something else)

lyric

a short poem that expresses emotion

metaphor

a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as

metonymy

substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')

meter

the patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a of poetry

mood

atmosphere; feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage

motif

a theme or idea in a work of art or literature that is developed or repeated

myth

a traditional story accepted as history

narration

writing that tells a story

narrative poem

a poem that tells a story

onomatopoeia

using words that imitate the sound

oxymoron

an expression in which two words that contradict each other are joined

parallelism

similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses

personification

the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract objects

point of view

the perspective from which a story is told

first person

told from the narrator's point of view, using "I"

second person

pronouns and verbs used to refer to the person addressed by the language in which they occur

third person

Point of view in which the narrator is outside of the story

protagonist

the main character

resolution

the denouement or portion of the play or story where the problem is solved

rising action

events leading up to the climax

romanticism

impractical romantic ideals and attitudes

rhyme

a piece of poetry

setting

the time and place where a play or short story is

simile

a comparison using like or as

stanza

a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem

symbol

something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible

synecdoche

a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part

theme

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

thesis

a statement of opinion

tone

the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters or readers

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