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first amendment

protectsthe peoples right to practice religion, to speak freely, to assemble (meet), to address the government and of the press to publish

2nd amendment

protects the right to own guns. There is debate whether this is a right that protects the state, or a right that protects individuals.

3rd amendment

guarantees that the army cannot force homeowners to give them room and board

4th amendment

protects the people from the government improperly taking property, papers, or people, without valid warrant based on probable cause (good reason).

5th amendment

protects people from being held for committing a crime unless they are properly indicated, that they may not be tried twice for the same crime, that you need not to be forced to testify against yourself, and from property being taken without just compensation. it also contains due process guarantees.

6th amendment

guarantees a speedy trial, an impartial jury, that the accused can confront witnesses against them, and that the accused must be allowed to have a lawyer

seventh amendment

guarantees a jury trial in federal civil court cases. this type of case is normally no longer heard in federal court

8th amendment

No cruel and unusual punishments and no outrageous fines

ninth amendment

states that people's rights are not limited to just those listed in the Constitution.

tenth amendment

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

11th amendment

clearly defines jurisdiction of supreme court over a suit brought against a state by a citizen of another state

12th amendment

redefines how the President and Vice-President are chosen by the Electoral College, making the two positions cooperative, rather than first and second highest vote-getters. It also ensures that anyone who becomes Vice-President must be eligible to become President.

13th

NO SLAVERY!

14th amendment

ensures that all citizens of all states enjoyed not only rights on the federal level, but on the state level too. it removed the three-fifths counting of slaves on the census. it ensured that the US would not pay the depths of rebellious states. it also had several measures designed to ensure the loyalty of legislators who participated on the confederate side of the civil war

15th amendment

any race can vote

16th amendment

Allows the federal government to collect income tax without regard to the population of the states

17th amendment

shifted the choosing of senators from the state legislature to the people of the states.

eighteenth amendment

banned the sale of alcohol in 1919 (was later erased)

19th

allows any gender to vote

20th amendment

"set new start dates for the terms of the Congress and the President, and clarifies how the deaths of Presidents before swearing-in would be handled."- graves middle school

21st

repealed the 18th Amendment

22nd

set a limit on the number of times a President could be elected - two four-year terms. It has one exception for a Vice-President who assumes the Presidency after the death or removal of the President, establishing the maximum term of any President to 10 years.

23rd

grants the Washington D.C. the right to three electors in Presidential elections.

24th

ensured that no tax could be charged to vote for any federal office.

25th

clarifies even further the line of succession to the Presidency, and establishes rules for a President who becomes unable to perform his duties while in office.

26th

18 and up can vote

27th

requires that any law that increased the pay of legislators may not take effect until after an election.

seismology

earthquakes

volcanology

study of volcanoes

geology

the earth and its history

biology

all living things

zoology

animals

archaeology

study of ancient people through artifacts

ichthyology

fish

cytology

cells

ornithology

birds

entomology

insects

meteorology

weather

paleontology

fossils

petrology

rocks

bake

to cook in an oven

baste

to moisten foods while they are cooking by brushing them with butter, juice from the meat, or other sauces.

blanch

food is dropped first into boiling water, and then plunged into cold water

bread

food is dipped into a sticky liquid, such as eggs, and then coated with cracker crumbs, bread, or flour

broil

to cook under direct heat from a broiler

cream

to beat a substance, such as butter or sugar until it is smooth and fluffy

cube

to cut foods, such as meat or cheese, into small squares

cut in

to add a solid ingredient, such as butter, to a dry mixture until they combine

dice

to chop into pieces measuring about 1/8 to 1/4 inch in size

drizzle

to pour a slow stream of liquid over food

dust

to lightly sprinkle with a substance such as sugar or flour

fillet

to remove the bones from a piece of meat

fry

to cook in hot fat

grate

to shred a substance by rubbing it against a sharp, serrated metal object

marinate

to soak meat in a seasoned mixture to flavor and tenderize it

pare

to cut away the outer skin of a fruit or vegetable

poach

to cook in a simmering liquid

puree

to make food smooth by using a food processes

sear

to quickly brown the sides of a piece of meat on high heat, thus sealing in the juices

simmer

to cook slowly in a liquid that's close to boiling point

Alabama

Montgomery, AL

Alaska

Juneau, AK

Arizona

Phoenix, AZ

Arkansas

Little Rock, AR

California

Sacramento, CA

Colorado

Denver, CO

Connecticut

Hartford, CT

Delaware

Dover, DE

Florida

Tallahassee, FL

Georgia

Atlanta, GA

Hawaii

Honolulu, HI

Idaho

Boise, ID

Illinois

Springfield, IL

Indiana

Indianapolis, IN

Iowa

Des Moines, IA

Kansas

Topeka, KS

Kentucky

Frankfort, KY

Louisiana

Baton Rouge, LA

Maine

Augusta, ME

Maryland

Annapolis, MD

Massachusetts

Boston, MA

Michigan

Lansing, MI

Minnesota

St. Paul, MN

Mississippi

Jackson, MS

Missouri

Jefferson City, MO

Montana

Helena, MT

Nebraska

Lincoln, NE

Nevada

Carson City, NV

New Hampshire

Concord, NH

New Jersey

Trenton, NJ

New Mexico

Santa Fe, NM

New York

Albany, NY

North Carolina

Raleigh, NC

North Dakota

Bismark, ND

Ohio

Columbus, OH

Oklahoma

Oklahoma City, OK

Oregon

Salem, OR

Pennsylvania

Harrisburg, PA

Rhode Island

Providence, RI

South Carolina

Columbia, SC

South Dakota

Pierre, SD

Tennessee

Nashville, TN

Texas

Austin, TX

Utah

Salt Lake City, UT

Vermont

Montpelier, VT

Virginia

Richmond, VA

Washington

Olympia, WA

West Virginia

Charleston, WV

Wisconsin

Madison, WI

Wyoming

Cheyenne, WY

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