in most jurisdictions, misdemeanor defendants enter a plea and are sentenced at what stage?
Which amendment states that all criminal prosecutions accused shall be informed of the nature of the crime committed?
Between ______% of grand juries rubber stamp the indictment because it is what the _____ wants
During the ____ the felony defendant is formally accused of a crime and formally must enter a plea.
T/F: In federal courts, the number of suspects prosecuted by US attorney has doubled since 1980
T/F: Grand juries decide the guilt or innocence for felony defendants charged with felony offenses
sufficient evidence, not guilt or innocence
What are grand juries looking for when felony defendants are charged with felony offenses?
T/F: Having probable cause is enough for a case to go to trial in the eyes of a seasoned prosecutor
when _____ immunity is granted, prosecutor agrees not to prosecute the witness for any crimes committed
equal to double
The equity of the property must be _______ the amount of the bond for a property bond
On any given day, there are more than ______ persons in jail and nearly what percent have not yet been convicted of a crime?
either judge did not set bail, they broke probation, or they could not afford bail
what are reasons people sit in jail when they have not been convicted of a crime?
Nationwide, defendants with an active criminal history are almost ____ as likely as those without such a status to be detained until case dispostion
seriousness of the crime and the defendants prior history
which factor is the most important in determining the amount of bail to set?
first time offender, recidivist whose new crime is more serious that the other crime, violent
What is considered a bad risk by a bail bondsmen?
A study of felony defendants in large urban counties found that what percent of released defendants missed one or more court appearances?
Which is the type of warrant issued by a judge for a defendant who skips on bail, meaning they failed to appear in court
the Bail Reform Act of 1984
Which of the following authorized preventive detention for federal defendants accused of serious crimes?
Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) are surveys and tests that are given out to people who are arrested and its to see what drugs they are on or what they abuse: what percent of male arrestees test positive for recent illegal drug use?
T/F: Regardless of whether a defendant appears in court, the amount of money put down on a bond from a bail agent is nonrefundable.
T/F: As long as the defendant can pay his or her fee, a bail bondsmen will accept anyone as a client.
the informal and formal exchange of information between the prosecutor and the defense attorney prior to trial is called...
all exculpatory evidence and any prior inconsistent statements made by the witness
what types of evidence must always be turned over by the prosecutor to the defense in virtually all jurisdictions
types of evidence that must be turned over with a motion to the defendant
books, papers, and documents including written or reported statements made by defendants or witnesses, results of forensic tests, and summarys of expert testimonies that the government tends to offer
the requirement that the defense disclose materials to the prosecutor prior to trial is called..
which of the following is not one of the three distinct types of exclusionary rules
breath and blood samples, handwriting samples, fingerprints
the Miranda warnings do not have to be given before law enforcement obtains...
airports and borders, searches of students in schools, searched of public employees at their work places
searches in which of the following locations do not require a search warrant
T/F: the prosecution has no obligation to provide to the defense potentially exculpatory information that would not be admissible in court
to gain a potential advantage in plea bargaining, prosecutors will sometimes....
in a _____ hearing the defendant in open court must admit to the conduct central to the criminality of crimes charged
T/F: in the federal court system judges are prohibited from being involved in the plea negotiations
T/F: overall the seriousness of the offense is the most important factor in how the courtroom workgroup approaches plea negotiations