Time after the collapse of Rome
Time of cultural decline
Carolingian Dynasty, rebuilt schools, strengthen the empire , controlled trade, Holy Roman Emporer
Stopped the Muslims at the battle of tours
Social classes set up like a pyramid, people lived in manors for protection
Vikings moved to christianity and farming in scandanavia
Manors were self sufficient
Provided order and security
a lord's estate
a person who controlled land and could grant estates to vassals.
a person who received land from a lord in exchange for loyalty and service.
as above but they were not slaves.
basic economic system, rights andobligations between the lords and the serfs.
Christian warriors sought to recover the Holy lands from the Muslims.
The written record of a census and survey of English landowners and their property made by order of William.
a monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia.
first religion to teach the existence of 1 god.
Concordat of Worms
the church could appoint a bishop but the emperor could veto it.
appointment of religious officials by kings.
Great Charter, a document guaranteeing basic political rights in England, drawn up by nobles and approved by King John.
a religious community of men called monks
an association of people working at the same occupation.
farmers grow crops on 2/3 of their land.
deadly disease that killed 1/3 of Europe.
concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters.
an estate granted to a vassal by the lord.
laws governing the religious practice of the church.
a Christian ceremony in which God's grace is transmitted to the people.
a body of officials who perform religious services like priests.
a code of behavior for knights.
a division in the Roman Catholic Church where popes were established in Avignon and Rome.
catholic tribunal who investigated and prosecuted charges of herecy.
Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain.
everyday language of the people in a country.
Hundred Year War
England's Edward III claimed the right to the French throne and went to war with France over it.