World History Ch 43

Created by Annie5 

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Nationalism

pride in one's country; will do anything for it

Imperialism

wants to be more wealthy and powerful than any other country

Militariniam

military paranoia; keeping a military ready for war

Otto Von Bismarck

chansler(#1) of Germany; wanted to attack France, but didn't act fast enough (so fired because he's a wimp)

Triple Alliance

Italy, Germany, & Austria-Hungary (Central Powers)

Kaiser Wilhelm II

Chansler (#2) wanted revenge on France; young and brash

Triple Entente

Britan, France, & Russia (Allies)

Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand & Sophie

next king of Austria; their murder (Black Hand) causes WWI

July 28, 1814

A/H declares war on Serbia (start of WWI)

Central Powers

Germany, A/H, & Bulgaria

Allies

GB, Russia, & FR

Gen. Schlieffen

his plan- take out France and worrie about Russia later becayse they are slow because they're so big

Western Front

France vs. Germany

War Characteristics

trench war fare, machine guns, gasses, air planes, barbed wire, land mines

Battle of Verdun

1 month 300,000 dead each side, Feb. 1916

Eastern Front

Russia vs. Germany, R had sooo many men they just kept coming

Spring/Summer 1917

Euros know if US doesn't join they will lose

Gallipoli

Winston Churchill (good on paper) Allies attack Ger. from south, disaster 250,000 died (including Aussies) ask US for help again

U-Boats

submarines sink everything in range of europe

US join

1. Sink Lucitania 2. Zimmerman Telogram 3. Czar overthrown

A.E.F.

American Expedition Forces (our army) commander Gen. Blackjack Pershing; dough boys: derogatory term for US soilders

Sopwith Camel

American planes; Eddie Rickembacher ( had been race car driver - Indi 500)

Fokker D VII

Beron Manfred Von Richtova (Red Baron)

Sgt. Alvin York

most decorated soilder of WWI

Battle 2nd Marne

us soilders 1st used

Armistice

11/11/ 1919 @ 11:11AM in railroad car in France, Hitler signed for Germany

War costs

8.5 mil dead, 21 mil wounded, Allies-42mil, Central-23mil/Ger-1.8/Rus-1.7/Fr-1.3/US-116,000/GB-900,000

Big 4

US=Woodrow Wilson, GB=David Lloyd George, FR=Georges Clemenceau, IT=Vittorio Orlando,

W.W.'s 14pts

1-4 no secrets btw countries, out in open 5- need share over seas colonies 6-13 need new countries so GR not so powerful (like w/ FR) took saar **14- Legue of Nations SanFran, Cali

Treaty of Versailles

1 Legue of Nations 2 Territorail Loses 3 Germ-no military 4 War Guilt($30bil)

Problems w/ Treaty

1 new countries dont like 2 countries totally blown off and pissed 3 Ger cant pay for damages-bad economy 4 US back to introvert passed up chance for greatness

Hitler

is in jail and angry /blames Jews/ writes Mein Kampf wnats to create Reich (empire) in jail for 6 yrs

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